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Alexandrine Parakeet

 (Psittacula eupatria)

Also known as: Alexandrine Ring-necked Parakeet, Greater Rose-ringed Parakeet, Great-billed Parakeet, Large Parakeet, Large Indian Parakeet (P.e. nipalensis), Large Ceylonese Parakeet (P.e. eupatria), Large Burmese Parakeet (P.e. avensis), Large Andaman Parakeet (P.e. magnirostris), Thai Rose-ringed Parakeet (P.e. siamensis)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Alexandrine Parakeet perched on branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the largest parakeets, the Alexandrine was named for Alexander the Great, who was rumoured to have one as a pet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula eupatria

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: eupatria

Size:

58 cm (22.6 in)

Weight:

250-260g (8.75-9.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: P.e. eupatria, P.e. nipalensis, P.e. magnirostris, P.e. avensis, P.e. siamensis

Colourization Adult:

P.e. eupatria: Male-faint black strip from lores to eye; wide black stripe across lower cheeks; broad pink collar around hindneck; dark purple/red patch on inner secondary coverts. Thighs green/grey. Bill red. Eye pale yellow.  Female-duller, with no black under cheeks.
P.e nipalensis: Both adults overall colour more grey/green; broader black stripe across lower cheeks; occiput and cheeks washed with blue; larger in size.
P.e. magnirostris: Male-thin blue stripe on hindneck above pink collar; brighter red spot on wing; larger in size; heavier bill. Female-as in eupatria, but larger bill.
P.e. avensis: Male-as in nipalensis, but thin blue stripe on hindneck, occasionally absent; neck and underparts more yellow/green; smaller bill. Female-as in nipalensis, but smaller bill.
P.e. siamensis: Male-as in avensis, but occiput and nape suffused with blue; paler, more red spot on wing; face and neck yellowish. Female-as in avensis, but face and neck yellowish.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.e. eupatria: As in female; shorter tail. Eye grey.
P.e. magnirostris: As in eupatria but larger heavier bill.

Call:

Harsh and loud in general; described as ringing, loud, deep and scolding.  Shrieks accompany mobbing of predators when alarmed.  Flocks will excitedly chorus together.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 111605, Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria), Macaulay, Linda, Nepal, Mar. 7, 1999, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 issue
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Alexandrine Parakeet perched on branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the largest parakeets, the Alexandrine was named for Alexander the Great, who was rumoured to have one as a pet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula eupatria

Species Care

Captive Status:

Well established in Australia, less so elsewhere.

Longevity:

25-30 yrs

Housing:

Metal and/or welded mesh construction - wood easily destroyed with powerful beak; walk-in aviary, minimum length 4.5m (14.76 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked/sprouted beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Swings, bird-safe chewable wood and pine cones, ladders, vegetable tanned leather toys, foot toys, climbing ropes, bathing, push and pull toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm)

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

About 24 days.

Fledging Age:

About 7 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Alexandrine Parakeet perched on branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the largest parakeets, the Alexandrine was named for Alexander the Great, who was rumoured to have one as a pet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula eupatria

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Near-threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Declining in Sri Lanka, is heavily traded in wild bird market.

Range:

P.e. eupatria: Sri Lanka and Indian peninsula.
P.e. nipalensis: E Afganistan, E and S Pakistan, C India to Nepal, Bhutan and Assam to Bangladesh.
P.e. magnirostris: Andaman Islands and nearby Coco Islands, Bay of Bengal.
P.e. avensis: Cachar district of Assam to S Burma.
P.e. siamensis: N and W Thailand to Cambodia, C Laos, rarely in north; and SC Vietnam.

Habitat:

Found in variety of moist and dry forests and woodlands. Also found in cultivated areas and mangroves. Found up to 900m (2952ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats variety of wild and cultivated seeds, flowers and flower buds, nectar, grain, fruit and vegetables.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Occurs in small flocks but forms bigger groups where food is abundant and at communal roosts where birds from a large area may gather in one large tree.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, broad/oval, 34 x 27mm (1.3 x 1.05 in)

Breeding Season:

November/ December to March/April depending on location.

Related Links:

Psittacula World
Arkive

 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Alexandrine Parakeet perched on branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the largest parakeets, the Alexandrine was named for Alexander the Great, who was rumoured to have one as a pet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula eupatria

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