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Black-winged Parrot

 (Hapalopsittaca melanotis)

Also known as: Black-eared Parrot, Peruvian Black-winged Parrot (H.m. peruviana)

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Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878), via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Profile

Genus: Hapalopsittaca | Species: melanotis

Size:

24cm (9.4 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

two: H.m. melanotis, H.m. peruviana

Colourization Adult:

H.m. melanotis: Both adults mostly green; blue lores and frontal band; blue wash on crown and neck, with blue collar on area of neck; black ear coverts; black upper wing coverts and outermost secondaries; black inner secondaries edged with green on outer webs; green tail tipped with purple/blue. Bill blue/grey with horn coloured tip. Eye brown.
H.m. peruviana: Both adults brown/orange ear coverts; blue wash on foreneck restricted to thin band on throat.

Colourization Juvenile:

H.m. melanotis: Black upper wing coverts, widely edged with green.

Call:

Calls made in flight are rapid and repetitious notes.

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More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
CITES
ML Media Collection Catalogue 50609 Black-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca melanotis), Coopmans, Paul, Cochabamba, Bolivia, May 17 1989, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 issue

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878), via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare in aviculture.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Indoor aviary 3 x 2 x 2m (9.8 x 6.5 x 6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, banana, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, zucchini, green beans and peas in the pod; maize; seed mix such as: millet, canary, safflower, oats, small amount of hemp and sunflower; soaked or sprouted seed; fresh branches with buds; vitamin and mineral supplements, particularly C; complete kibble if taken.

Enrichment:

Provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches of fir, pine, willow or elder for chewing; heat sterilized pine cones; wooden block toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 24" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

Not available

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878), via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

No threats at present.

Range:

H.m. melanotis: C-W Bolivia.
H.m. peruviana: C and S Peru.

Habitat:

Found up to 1500-3500m (4920-11,480 ft) in humid montane forest in the upper subtropical and temperate zones, in tall forest and into boggy elfin growth, where there are fruiting trees.

Wild Diet:

Eats fruits, mistletoe berries, seeds and flowers.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social, seen in pairs or small groups; occasionally in large flocks. Some seasonal movements in response to abundance of food. Keeps mainly to upper stages of canopy where difficult to detect amongst foliage.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not available

Breeding Season:

Not available

Related Links:

Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878), via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

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