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Blue-crowned Conure

 (Psittacara acuticaudatus)

Also known as: Blue-crowned Parakeet, Sharp-tailed Conure

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-crowned Conure
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This species is the only Psittacara conure with a blue forehead and crown.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara acuticaudatus

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacara | Species: acuticaudatus

Size:

37cm (14.4 in)

Weight:

165g (5.8 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: P.a. acuticaudatus, P.a. neumanni, P.a. haemorrhous, P.a. koenigi, P.a. neoxena

Colourization Adult:

P.a. acuticaudatus: Both adults forecrown to lores, cheeks, and ear coverts dull blue; breast on some birds washed blue; tail green on upperside and brown/red on underside tipped with yellow/olive; upper mandible horn in colour tipped with grey, lower mandible grey/brown. Eye ring bare and creamy white. Eye orange.
P.a. neumanni: Both adults forehead to nape blue; underparts suffused dull blue.
P.a. haemorrhous: Both adults as in neumanni, but paler blue confined to forehead and forecrown; blue suffusion absent on underparts; both mandibles horn in colour.
P.a. koenigi: As in neumanni but undertail less brown/red; smaller in size.
P.a. neoxena: As in haemorrhous, but underparts washed with blue; smaller in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.a. acuticaudatus: As in adults but blue confined to forecrown; no blue wash on breast; tail shorter. Eye brown.
P.a. neumanni: As in adults but tail shorter and eye brown.
P.a. haemorrhous: Blue found on forehead only, or instead a red/brown tinge; tail shorter. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight loud and repetitious. Also babbling and musical notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb
Birdsnways.com

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 68385, Blue-crowned Parakeet Aratinga acuticaudata, Anzoategui, Venezuela, Sep. 15 1971, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 issue
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992
UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-crowned Conure
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This species is the only Psittacara conure with a blue forehead and crown.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara acuticaudatus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common in US, less so elsewhere.

Longevity:

30-40 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize or corn; sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; fruit such as: apple, orange, bananas, cactus fruits; rearing food made with hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, carrot, and low fat cheese, all ground to crumbly consistency; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; spray millet; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Socialization, bathing, toys such as ladders, swings, puzzle toys, foraging toys, bird-safe chew toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm) vertical box or 10" x 16" x 12" (25.4cm x 40.6cm x 30.5cm) diagonal box.

Clutch Size:

3

Incubation Time:

23-24 days

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-crowned Conure
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This species is the only Psittacara conure with a blue forehead and crown.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara acuticaudatus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Margarita Island race rare, 100-200 birds. Other populations not recorded.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Numbers appear stable however, 193,299 wild-caught birds were traded on international market from 1981. Margarita Island race (A.a. neoxena) at risk from tourism, the wild bird trade and predation by rats.

Range:

P.a. acuticaudatus: E Bolivia and SW Mato Grosso, Brazil, to Paraguay, W Uruguay and N Argentina, south to La Pampa and SW Buenos Aires. Introduced to Florida and S California, US.
P.a. neumanni: highlands on E slopes of Andes in Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Chuquisaca, and possibly Tarija, S Bolivia.
P.a. haemorrhous: NE Brazil in Piaui and N Bahia.
P.a. koenigi: NE Colombia, from Guajira Peninsula and Santa Marta Mountains south to W Meta, and N Venezuela, from NW Zulia to Falcon and N Lara, and Aragua east to N Monagas and south to N Bolivar and southern Apure.
P.a. neoxena: Margarita Island, N Venezuela.

Habitat:

Found in dry deciduous forest and other open habitats including semi-desert. Seen in caatinga and cerrado with stands of Mauritia and Buriti palms in NE Brazil, from gallery forest in Venezuela and Colombia, almost desert in Bolivia and pampas in Argentina. Up to 2600m (8528 ft).

Wild Diet:

Food items include Sorghum and Bambusa seeds, berries of Condalia lineata and fruit of cacti and crops such as mango; also insects.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Feeds in trees and on the ground, in pairs, or small flocks; congregations larger when food abundant. In some areas birds roost in crevices on cliffs. May be seen with Mitred Conures (Aratinga mitrata) and White-eyed Conures (Aratinga leucophthalma).

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 rounded eggs, 33.0 x 24.0mm (1.3 x 0.9 in)

Breeding Season:

December, Paraguay and Argentina; March-July Venezuela.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-crowned Conure
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This species is the only Psittacara conure with a blue forehead and crown.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara acuticaudatus

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