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Blue-fronted Amazon

 (Amazona aestiva)

Also known as: Turquoise-fronted Amazon, Yellow-winged Parrot (A.a. xanthopteryx)

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Blue-fronted Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.us

Did You Know?

Since 1981, 413,505 wild Blue-fronted Amazons have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona aestiva

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: aestiva

Size:

35-37 cm (13.6-14.4 in)

Weight:

375-450g (13.1-15.75 oz)(aestiva); 400-500g (14-17.5 oz) (xanthopteryx)

Races including nominate:

two: A.a. aestiva, A.a. xanthopteryx

Colourization Adult:

A.a. aestiva: Male-body green, feathers edged soft black; forehead and lores blue; forecrown yellow with or without white; area behind crown, ear coverts to area around eyes, forecheeks and throat yellow; bend of wing red; secondary feathers 1-5 having bases red, the remainder green; tail green with red at base. Bill slate grey. Narrow eye ring white, eye orange, sometimes red.  Female-less yellow on face.
A.a. xanthopteryx: Both adults as in aestiva, yellow bend of wing and lesser wing coverts; more yellow on head.

Colourization Juvenile:

Immature as in adult but head colour less extensive (some birds with entirely green head) and duller, also less red on wing.  Eye dark brown.

Call:

Wide repertoire of whistles, shrieks, yapping help notes; captive birds excellent mimics of human and other sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Conservation and Genetics paper
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 103200, Blue-fronted Parrot Amazona aestiva, Medler, Matthew, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Jun. 6 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977, 1989. 2010 issue
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, Jan. 1988.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-fronted Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.us

Did You Know?

Since 1981, 413,505 wild Blue-fronted Amazons have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona aestiva

Species Care

Captive Status:

One of the more common amazons in captivity.

Longevity:

50-60 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.84 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked/sprouted beans and pulses; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 to 4

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

8-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

12-17g (0.4-0.6 oz)

Peak Weight:

376-470g (13.2-16.5 oz) (aestiva)

Weaning Weight:

314-350g(11-12.25 oz) (aestiva)

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-fronted Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.us

Did You Know?

Since 1981, 413,505 wild Blue-fronted Amazons have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona aestiva

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Trapped in large numbers for wild bird trade but still abundant in most areas; in some areas reduced due to trapping; in some areas local extinctions due to habitat loss.

Range:

A.a. aestiva: Inland E Brazil, from Pernambuco and southern Para to W Sao Paulo and S Mato Grosso.
A.a.xanthopteryx: S Mato Grosso and formerly W Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, N and E Bolivia, and Paraguay to N Argentina; intergrades with aestiva in north western Paraguay, S Mato Grosso, and NE Argentina.

Habitat:

Found in range of wooded habitats and open country with trees. Up to 1600m (5248 ft) in E Bolivia.

Wild Diet:

Takes fruit and seeds from wide variety of plants and trees.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in communal roosts; found in pairs or flocks of several dozen birds. Sometimes seen quite close to human habitation.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 to 4 ovate eggs, 38 x 30mm (1.5 x 1.2 in)

Breeding Season:

October-March

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit
Research: Genetic variability in three Amazon parrot species

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-fronted Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.us

Did You Know?

Since 1981, 413,505 wild Blue-fronted Amazons have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona aestiva

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