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Blue-headed Macaw

 (Primolius couloni)

Also known as: Coulon's Macaw

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-headed Macaws at clay lick
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Blue-headed Macaw is not usually found in flocks, like other parrots, usually in pairs or family trios.

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WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

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Related publications: Primolius couloni

Species Profile

Genus: Primolius | Species: couloni

Size:

40-41cm (15.6-16 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults medium-sized, mostly green, blue head, face bare, blue/grey and dark with fine lines of feathers; tail brown/red with green part way to tip. Bill grey/black. Eye yellow.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with shorter tail, horn coloured bill. Eye grey.

Call:

Quiet, purring call while in flight; soft nasal slightly rasping notes; shrieks and squawks less raucous than Blue-winged Macaw.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 17855, Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni, Parker, Theodore A., III, Huanuco, Peru, Jul. 16 1978, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977, 1989. 2010 issue
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-headed Macaws at clay lick
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Blue-headed Macaw is not usually found in flocks, like other parrots, usually in pairs or family trios.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius couloni

Species Care

Captive Status:

Extremely rare

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

An enclosure at least 3m (9.8 ft) long if indoors, with access to 15m (49 ft) outdoor flight if possible.

Diet:

Seed mix such as: sunflower, safflower, millet, canary, oats; pine nuts; dried mountain ash (rowan) berries; fruit such as: apple, pear, banana, orange, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, corn on the cob; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, kale, dandelion, chickweed; eggfood and calcium supplements during breeding; complete pellet for macaws.

Enrichment:

Provide lots of chew branches, sterilized pine cones, and other bird-safe chew items (ie: vegetable tanned leather toys); overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Diagonal nest box 22cm x 40cm x 30cm (8.6 x 15.6 x 11.7 in).

Clutch Size:

3 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

12 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Macaw Society of America P.O. Box 90037 Burton, MI, 48509-0037

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-headed Macaws at clay lick
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Blue-headed Macaw is not usually found in flocks, like other parrots, usually in pairs or family trios.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius couloni

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000 - 70,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Trapping for wild bird trade; forest degradation.

Range:

E Peru to W Brazil; N Bolivia, east of Andes and south to 14 latitude.

Habitat:

Found 150-1300m (492-4264 ft); upper tropical forests in disturbed or partly open areas with birds mostly occuring at forest edge along rivers, clearings and forested settled areas. Also in swampy habitats.

Wild Diet:

Not available

Ecology and Behaviour:

Not very gregarious, instead found in pairs or threes. Possibly seasonally nomadic.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not available

Breeding Season:

Young birds seen with adults in April.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit
Distribution, ecology and conservation status of the Blue-headed Macaw

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-headed Macaws at clay lick
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Blue-headed Macaw is not usually found in flocks, like other parrots, usually in pairs or family trios.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius couloni

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