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Blue-winged Macaw

 (Primolius maracana)

Also known as: Illiger's Macaw

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Blue-winged Macaw
© iStock Photo

Did You Know?

Some wild Blue-winged Macaws have problems with cataracts when they age, which limits their ability to find food.

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WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius maracana

Species Profile

Genus: Primolius | Species: maracana

Size:

43cm (16.8 in)

Weight:

265g (9.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults: forehead red; crown, nape, and lower cheeks green/blue; red on low back and middle of abdomen; blue tail with red/brown around base. Bill black. Bare cere and face pale yellow. Eye orange.

Colourization Juvenile:

Red forehead paler; red on abdomen and back tinged with yellow; tail shorter. Eye brown.

Call:

Loud screeching and other raucous calls.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Wikipedia
AvianWeb
Arkive

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 115422, Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana, Marantz, Curtis, Espirito Santo, Brazil, Dec. 14 1999, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-winged Macaw
© iStock Photo

Did You Know?

Some wild Blue-winged Macaws have problems with cataracts when they age, which limits their ability to find food.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius maracana

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

50-60yrs

Housing:

Should have access to large enclosure at least 15m long for part of the year. If breeding, may be kept in suspended cage 3m 9.8 ft) long. Keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; walnuts, roasted peanuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; fresh corn or boiled maize; fruits such as: banana, orange and others if taken; small amounts of wholewheat bread; limited cubed cheese; complete kibble for macaws. If in tropical area palm fruits can be given.

Enrichment:

Love to climb and play. Provide lots of bird-safe chew toys of wood and vegetable tanned leather. Also provide safe branches to chew. Provide as much room for activity as possible.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 or 4

Incubation Time:

24-27 days

Fledging Age:

8-10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

11g (0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-winged Macaw
© iStock Photo

Did You Know?

Some wild Blue-winged Macaws have problems with cataracts when they age, which limits their ability to find food.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius maracana

Species Wild Status

World Population:

2500 - 10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Near-threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Trapping for wild bird trade, possibly habitat degradation and loss.

Range:

Found in E Brazil at Ilha da Marajo, Para, and southern Para and Maranhao south to Mato Grosso, Sao Paulo and formerly Rio Grande do Sul, and scattered through E Paraguay to NE Argentina.

Habitat:

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft). Occurs in tropical and subtropical evergreen and deciduous forest, including Atlantic rainforest and cerrado savanna; prefers forest edge or areas close to water. In northern Bahia found in gallery woodland in caatinga zone.

Wild Diet:

Recorded taking seeds of introduced species Melia azedarach in NE Brazil; other details on diet lacking.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Prefers to stay in one area, occurs in pairs or small groups; less conspicuous than larger macaws. Avoids flying across open country; preferring to instead fly amongst trees.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 or 4 rounded eggs, 37 x 30mm (1.4 x 1.2 in)

Breeding Season:

December in Brazil, February in Argentina.

Related Links:

Cornell Neotropical Unit
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-winged Macaw
© iStock Photo

Did You Know?

Some wild Blue-winged Macaws have problems with cataracts when they age, which limits their ability to find food.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Primolius maracana

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