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Budgerigar

 (Melopsittacus undulatus)

Also known as: Shell Parakeet, Budgerygah

Click photo to visit gallery

Group of wild Budgerigars investigating hollow branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Profile

Genus: Melopsittacus | Species: undulatus

Size:

18-20 cm (7-7.8 in)

Weight:

22-32g (0.8-1.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

one, with many colour mutations

Colourization Adult:

Both adults yellow with scalloped upper parts, yellow face, lower cheeks tipped violet/blue, more so in the female; black spots under throat; green under parts, blue tail; blue cere in male, brown in female. Bill olive/horn in colour. Eye white.

Colourization Juvenile:

Immatures duller; less spots on throat or none at all; yellow forehead barred black; tail shorter. Eye dark brown.

Call:

Quiet warbling to sharp chattering, quiet screech.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Budgie Info
Upatsix.com - Budgie FAQ

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8512, Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus, Trillmich, Krisztina, Queensland, Australia, Aug. 23 1974, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Group of wild Budgerigars investigating hollow branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Widespread in captivity.

Longevity:

15 yrs

Housing:

Not less than 76cm (30 in) long.

Diet:

Complete kibble for budgerigars, seed mixture for budgerigars; fresh fruits and vegetables.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

8" x 6" x 6" (20.3cm x 15cm x 15cm) or 6" x 6' x 6" (15cm x 15cm x 15cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

4 to 8

Incubation Time:

18 days

Fledging Age:

30 days

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Budgerigar Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Group of wild Budgerigars investigating hollow branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Around 5,000,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Not listed

Threat Summary:

Only threat seems to be that large numbers die during drought periods, however, reproductive rate easily makes up for this; have been helped in some areas by introduction of watering for agriculture.

Range:

Widely distributed throughout the interior of Australia, but rare in eastern coastal districts and the extreme south west. Introduced in Florida and now number 3000 there.

Habitat:

Found in a wide range of areas in arid interior of Australia, also semi arid and subhumid parts. Some seasonal movements; northward during winter. Found in spinifex, dry mallee and mulga scrub, riverine woodland and farmland.

Wild Diet:

Ground feeders, taking grass seeds and seeds of crop plants.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gather in large numbers, nest communally, are frequently found at watering holes in large groups; most active during day.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 to 8, rounded eggs, 19 x 14mm (0.7 x 0.5 in)

Breeding Season:

Can take place at any time of year, with pairs capable of producing more than one clutch; nest communally.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Group of wild Budgerigars investigating hollow branch
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

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