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Cactus Conure

 (Eupsittula cactorum)

Also known as: Cactus Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Cactus Conure (Aratinga cactorum) sitting on top of cactus
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

With Cactus Conures, as well as many other parrot species, both the male and female incubate their eggs.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula cactorum

Species Profile

Genus: Eupsittula | Species: cactorum

Size:

25cm (9.75 in)

Weight:

75-90g (2.6-3.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: E.c.cactorum, E.c. caixana

Colourization Adult:

E.c. cactorum: Both adults in general yellow/green; pale brown crown; brown face and upper breast; orange/yellow lower breast and abdomen; green tail tipped with blue. Bill horn coloured. Eye ring bare and white. Eye orange.
E.c. caixana: Both adults as in cactorum, but paler green body colour; buff/brown throat and breast; abdomen in centre less orange and more yellow.

Colourization Juvenile:

Green crown, brown tinge minimal or absent; olive breast and abdomen, with orange tips to some feathers. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight are strident notes, repeated in short bursts between pauses. Softer notes when feeding.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
Pet Education
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
Pet Education
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 35701, Cactus Parakeet Aratinga cactorum, Parker, Theodore A., III, Bahia, Brazil, Nov. 17 1985, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Cactus Conure (Aratinga cactorum) sitting on top of cactus
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

With Cactus Conures, as well as many other parrot species, both the male and female incubate their eggs.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula cactorum

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare in captivity.

Longevity:

Up to 35yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, banana, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrots, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water. Is also a vigorous chewer, so provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches of flowering trees, fir, pine and willow, heat sterilized pine cones, wooden toys, vegetable tanned leather toys, ladders, swings and noise-makers.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 8" x 8" x 14" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 35.5cm).

Clutch Size:

4-6

Incubation Time:

25 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Cactus Conure (Aratinga cactorum) sitting on top of cactus
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

With Cactus Conures, as well as many other parrot species, both the male and female incubate their eggs.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula cactorum

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Local persecution due to crop raiding. This species is also trapped for the pet bird trade. Long term threat from excessive degradation of habitat and habitat loss.

Range:

E.c. cactorum: Confined to Bahia, south of Rio Sao Francisco, and nearby NE Minas Gerais.
E.c. caixana: West and north of Rio Sao Francisco, in NW Bahia and W Pernambuco north to Ceara, Piaui and SE Maranhao.

Habitat:

Found up to 600m (1968 ft) in caatinga scrubland dominated by low thorny shrubs and small trees; also found in open semidesert country including overgrazed pastures.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, fruits, cactus, berries, nuts, flowers and buds, and sometimes crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in pairs or flocks of up to 20 individuals outside of breeding season. More gather together in groups where food is abundant.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-6 broadly elliptical eggs, 25.5 x 19.5mm (1.0 x 0.76 in)

Breeding Season:

Not available

Related Links:

Infonatura
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Cactus Conure (Aratinga cactorum) sitting on top of cactus
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

With Cactus Conures, as well as many other parrot species, both the male and female incubate their eggs.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula cactorum

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