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Carolina Parakeet

 (Conuropsis carolinensis)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© By James St. John (Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet) 2) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Profile

Genus: Conuropsis | Species: carolinensis

Size:

31-33cm (12-13 in)

Weight:

Females approximately 100g (3.5 oz); male were larger.

Races including nominate:

two: C. c. carolinensis, C.c. ludovicianus

Colourization Adult:

Both adults mainly green/yellow in colour; yellow head; red/orange on lores, forehead and cheeks; yellow/orange carpal edges and thighs. Eye ring bare and white. Eye dark brown. Carolinensis smaller; ludovicianus paler in general.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with mainly green head, with less extensive orange/red on forehead and cheeks; carpal edges and thighs green.

Call:

Calls were described as being loud and raucous while birds in flight; low continuous chatter while a group was feeding.

More Information:

BirdLife International

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
The Carolina Parakeet: Glimpses of a Vanished Bird, Snyder, 2004.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© By James St. John (Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet) 2) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not found in captivity. The last known captive bird died in Cincinnati Zoo in 1918.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Not available

Diet:

Not available

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

21-23 days (Snyder, 2004)

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© By James St. John (Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet) 2) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

None

IUCN Red List Status:

Extinct

CITES Listing:

Not available

Threat Summary:

The main causes for the demise of this species were seen to include shooting, either by farmers or for sport, capture for the pet trade (mid- to late nineteenth century), some habitat destruction and loss of nesting sites, and potential stresses from disease, possibly a viral neurological disorder (Gedney, 1876; Maynard, 1928-30).

Range:

Formerly eastern United States, including the Mississippi Valley, New York state, West Virginia to E Colorado, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana and Florida. May have occurred as far north as S Ontario, Canada, or was possibly traded by indigenous tribes to and from the area.

Habitat:

Was found in regions of well-developed valley bottom forest; sometimes seen in altered open habitats.

Wild Diet:

Fed on cockleburs, sandspurs, fruits, both cultivated and wild; berries, corn, seeds, wild grapes, nuts, flowers, buds and possibly insects.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Were seen in large, boisterous flocks, flying about foraging by day. Were seen to return to communal roosts in tall trees at dusk. Were acrobatic in their feeding, clambering around tree branches with great agility (Maynard, 1881; Audubon, 1831). The birds were also seen to be mainly 'left-footed' in their feeding techniques (Wilson, 1811). Were also hardy in cold weather.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 nearly rounded eggs.

Breeding Season:

Females may have incubated eggs in groups. Seen entering and exiting nest holes from March to June.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Birds of North America Online - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Arkive

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© By James St. John (Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet) 2) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

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