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Cuban Amazon

 (Amazona leucocephala)
 
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Cuban Amazon (ssp hesterna)
© Kristan D. Godbeer

Did You Know?

Some of the calls of the Cuban Amazon sound like the braying of a donkey.

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Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona leucocephala

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: leucocephala

Size:

32 cm (12.5in)

Weight:

240-262g (8.4-9.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: A.l. leucocephala, A.l. palmarum, A.l. caymanesis, A.l. hesterna, A.l. bahamensis

Colourization Adult:

A.l. leucocephala: Both adults green with black scalloping to feathers; forehead, forecrown, and area around eyes white; pink/red lores, cheeks and throat; ear coverts dull black; abdominal patch maroon; tail green with red at base. Bill horn colouration. Eye ring white, eye olive/green.
A.l. palmarum: Both adults darker green, abdominal patch more extensive; deeper red to throat.
A.l. caymanensis: Both adults more yellow/green, with less evident scalloping to feathers; breast and rump tinged with blue; white on head confined to forehead area; green on sides of neck separates red of throat from the cheek area; less extensive abdominal patch; larger in size.
A.l. hesterna: Both adults more yellow/green; more evident maroon abdominal patch; cheeks and throat deeper in colour; smaller in size.
A.l. bahamensis: Both adults as in leucocephala, but abdominal patch small or missing; white on crown extends back further, reaching below eyes to lores and upper cheeks; less red at base of tail; larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with less black edges to body feathers, white of forecrown washed with yellow and less maroon on belly.

Call:

Wide variety of loud shrieks, whistles, screeches, some trumpet like.  Some notes drawn out and resonant.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Article "Cuban Amazons," by Susan Clubb, DVM
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 112181, Cuban Parrot Amazona leucocephala, Budney, Gregory, Holguin, Cuba, Feb. 15 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Amazon (ssp hesterna)
© Kristan D. Godbeer

Did You Know?

Some of the calls of the Cuban Amazon sound like the braying of a donkey.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona leucocephala

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare until 1970s then increased breeding in captivity.

Longevity:

Probably up to 50-60 yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage with a minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit - any type especially apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" ( 30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 to 5

Incubation Time:

27-28 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

10g (0.35 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Amazon (ssp hesterna)
© Kristan D. Godbeer

Did You Know?

Some of the calls of the Cuban Amazon sound like the braying of a donkey.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona leucocephala

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Around 10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Near-threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss severe; trapping for wild bird trade, hurricane damage to nesting trees, loss of nesting trees due to damage inflicted while collecting chicks.

Range:

A.l. leucocephala: E and C Cuba.
A.l. palmarum: Isla de la Juventud and W Cuba, east to Villa Clara province.
A.l. caymanensis: Grand Cayman Island.
A.l. hesterna: Cayman Brac and formerly Little Cayman Islands.
A.l. bahamensis: Great Inagua and Abaco, in Bahama Islands; formerly on other islands in Bahamas.

Habitat:

Occurs in pine forest, broadleaved woodland, palm groves, mangroves, plantations, cultivated land with trees and gardens. Up to 1000m (3280 ft).

Wild Diet:

Includes leaf buds, cones, tender shoots, fruit and seeds. Sometimes cultivated crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Generally found in small groups while foraging; bigger groups where food is abundant. In pairs for breeding. Roosts communally.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 to 5, rounded eggs, 35 x 28mm (1.3 x 1.1 in)

Breeding Season:

March-mid summer.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Amazon (ssp hesterna)
© Kristan D. Godbeer

Did You Know?

Some of the calls of the Cuban Amazon sound like the braying of a donkey.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona leucocephala

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