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Double-eyed Fig Parrot

 (Cyclopsitta diophthalma)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Double-eyed Fig-parrot (Cyclopsitta diopthalma)
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Double-eyed Fig Parrot will respond to imitation of contact call by circling back, while in flight, to alight nearby.

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyclopsitta diophthalma

Species Profile

Genus: Cyclopsitta | Species: diophthalma

Size:

13-16cm (5-6.2 in)

Weight:

42-55g (1.5-2 oz)

Races including nominate:

eight: C.d. diophthalma, C.d. coccineifrons, C.d. aruensis, C.d. virago, C.d. inseparabilis, C.d. marshalli, C.d. macleayana, C.d. coxeni

Colourization Adult:

C.d. diophthalma: Male-red lores, forehead and forecrown, with orange/yellow band at hindcrown; blue above and in front of eye; red cheeks; red ear coverts, bordered underneath by lilac/blue stripe; inner wing coverts edged orange/red; pale yellow wide underwing bands. Bill pale grey with black near tip. Eye dark brown. Female-as in male but with buff/brown cheeks.
C.d. coccineifrons: Both adults darker in general, especially the red on the face and inner wing coverts; broader more pronounced orange/yellow band on hindcrown.
C.d. aruensis: Male-more green/blue above and in front of eye; lilac/blue band below cheek extending to chin; orange/yellow band on hindcrown diminished or absent; more yellow/green upperparts. Female-red on face absent, replaced by pale blue; orange/yellow band at hindcrown absent.
C.d. virago: Male-paler red on crown and cheeks; blue around eye area absent; lilac/blue band below cheek reduced to spot. Female-red spot on centre of blue forehead; green face, lilac/blue bands below cheeks absent.
C.d. inseparabilis: Both adults face all green with red spot in middle of forehead.
C.d. marshalli: Male-as in aruensis, but darker blue above and in front of eye and without green tinge; smaller in size. Female-as in aruensis, but deep violet/blue on forehead and forecrown; smaller in size.
C.d. macleayana: Male-red on centre of forehead, lower cheeks out to ear coverts; remainder of face blue, being darker on sides of forehead and paler with green tinge around eyes. Female-as in male but buff/brown on lower cheeks to ear coverts.
C.d. coxeni: Both adults blue in centre of forehead; red feathers on lores and sides of forehead at base of bill; above and in front of eye bright yellow/green; red on lower cheeks to ear coverts, bordered beneath by lilac/blue band; larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

C.d. diophthalma: As in adult female.
C.d. coccineifrons: As in adults.
C.d. aruensis: As in adult female.
C.d. virago: As in adult female.
C.d. inseparabilis: As in adults.
C.d. marshalli: As in adult female.
C.d. macleayana: As in adult female.

Call:

Voice thin and high-pitched double notes in flight, other calls chattering, twittering and high-pitched screech (alarm). Notes described as staccato and harsh.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Coxen's Fig Parrot Recovery Plan

Content Sources:

S. Goldie pers. comm.
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 78577, Double-eyed Fig Parrot Cyclopsitta diophthalma, Robbins, Mark, Queensland, Australia, Jun. 22 1992, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Double-eyed Fig-parrot (Cyclopsitta diopthalma)
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Double-eyed Fig Parrot will respond to imitation of contact call by circling back, while in flight, to alight nearby.

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyclopsitta diophthalma

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft) or indoor suspended cage 1.8m (6 ft) long with easy-to-clean floor and walls.

Diet:

Soaked figs, two or more per bird daily; a drop of vitamin K additive once daily, other fruits forming at least 50 percent of diet; soaked raisins, berries (elder, montain ash, pyracantha), spray millet, small seed mixture, cooked beans, rearing food ( hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese and carrot all ground to crumbly consistency) Breeding diet: mealworms, small, well-cleaned maggots, insectivorous food. Withhold seeds first three weeks of chicks' lives.

Enrichment:

Provide lots of bird-safe, unsprayed branches (fir, pine, elder or willow) for them to chew; their beaks may become overgrown.

Nest Box Size:

60cm (23.4") log

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

21 days

Fledging Age:

27-52 days

Hatch Weight:

3g (0.1 oz)

Peak Weight:

36g (1.3 oz) (C.d. macleayana)

Weaning Weight:

30g (1 oz) (C.d. macleayana)

Click photo to visit gallery

Double-eyed Fig-parrot (Cyclopsitta diopthalma)
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Double-eyed Fig Parrot will respond to imitation of contact call by circling back, while in flight, to alight nearby.

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyclopsitta diophthalma

Species Wild Status

World Population:

100,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Coxeni Appendix I, all others Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Coxeni has suffered due to loss of lowland rainforest throughout its range.

Range:

C.d. diophthalma: W Papuan islands, NW New Guinea.
C.d. coccineifrons: SE New Guinea- Astrolabe Bay to Fly River.
C.d. aruensis: S New Guinea (Fly River to Aru Islands).
C.d. virago: Fergusson and Goodenough Islands.
C.d. inseparabilis: Tagula Island.
C.d. marshalli: North tip of Cape York Peninsula, Queenland, Australia.
C.d. macleayana: NE Queenland from Cooktown to Townsville.
C.d. coxeni: formely SE Queensland and NE South Wales, range now limited.

Habitat:

Found in variety of areas including rainforest, secondary growth forest, forest edge, riverine forest, occasionally dry forest and open Eucalypt woodland. Australia birds are also found in parks, gardens, scrub, mangrove and cultivated areas. Found up to 1600m (5248 ft).

Wild Diet:

Fig seeds principal food item; also small whole fruits, nectar, insect larvae and fungus and lichen.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Quiet feeders. Outside breeding season groups gather to roost. Up to 200 birds. Alarm displays include wing flicking and agitated calls. May be in company of other fig parrots, rosellas and lorikeets.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 rounded eggs, 21 x 17.5mm (0.8 x 0.7 in)

Breeding Season:

New Guinea: March; Australia August to November.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
Research: Management of the Double-eyed Fig Parrot at Currumbin Sanctuary, Queensland

Click photo to visit gallery

Double-eyed Fig-parrot (Cyclopsitta diopthalma)
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Double-eyed Fig Parrot will respond to imitation of contact call by circling back, while in flight, to alight nearby.

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyclopsitta diophthalma

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