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Maroon-bellied Conure

 (Pyrrhura frontalis)

Also known as: Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Reddish-bellied Parakeet, Brown-eared Conure or Parakeet, Scaly-breasted Conure or Parakeet, Azara's Conure (P.f. chiripepe)

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-bellied Conure, Brazil
© Arthur Grosset | http://www.arthurgrosset.com

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Maroon-bellied Conure was listed on CITES Appendix II, 52,523 individuals have been recorded in the international wild bird trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura frontalis

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: frontalis

Size:

26cm (10.1 in)

Weight:

72-94g (2.5-3.3 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: P.f. frontalis, P.f. kriegi, P.f. chiripepe

Colourization Adult:

P.f. frontalis: Both adults thin red/brown frontal band; green crown and cheeks to hindneck and mantle; grey/brown ear coverts; olive/brown breast, banded with yellow and tipped dark brown; brown/red centre of abdomen; blue/green primary coverts; olive tail, with wide brown/red tips. Bill brown/grey. Eye ring bare and white. Eye dark brown.
P.f. kriegi: Both adults as in frontalis, but tail narrowly tipped with brown/red.
P.f. chirpepe: Both adults as in frontalis, but tail only olive, without brown/red tip; orange/red bend of wing.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.f. frontalis: As in adults but duller in colour; less abdominal patch; shorter tail.

Call:

Calls made in flight rapid and repititious, and are screeches intermixed with longer, higher-pitched cries. Alarm call is sharp and brief.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 22105, Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis, Parker, Theodore A., III, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Oct. 29 1980, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-bellied Conure, Brazil
© Arthur Grosset | http://www.arthurgrosset.com

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Maroon-bellied Conure was listed on CITES Appendix II, 52,523 individuals have been recorded in the international wild bird trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura frontalis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

25-30yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion; spray millet; small seed mix such as: millet, canary and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses; limited cubed hard cheese; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Socialization, bathing under overhead misters or in shallow water bowls. Provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches of pine, elder, willow and fir, as well as heat-sterilized pine cones. Provide wood block toys, vegetable tanned leather toys, puzzle and foraging toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm).

Clutch Size:

4-6

Incubation Time:

22 days

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

4-5g (0.1-0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-bellied Conure, Brazil
© Arthur Grosset | http://www.arthurgrosset.com

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Maroon-bellied Conure was listed on CITES Appendix II, 52,523 individuals have been recorded in the international wild bird trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura frontalis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Rare to non-existent in some places owing to logging of forests for agriculture. Heavily traded through 1980s in wild bird trade.

Range:

P.f. frontalis: SE Brazil from S Bahia and E Minas Gerais to Rio de Janeiro.
P.f. kriegi: SE Brazil, from W Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul.
P.f. chiripepe: Uruguay, N Argentina and S Paraguay.

Habitat:

Found up to 1400m (4592 ft) in a variety of woodland, forest, forest edge and pantanal habitats.

Wild Diet:

Eats fruit pulp, seeds, flowers and plant parts, nuts, galls and fly larvae.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social; usually found in flocks of 6-12, sometimes up to 40 birds. Visitor to gardens and urban parks.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-7 rounded eggs, 26.0 x 21.0mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

October-December

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-bellied Conure, Brazil
© Arthur Grosset | http://www.arthurgrosset.com

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Maroon-bellied Conure was listed on CITES Appendix II, 52,523 individuals have been recorded in the international wild bird trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura frontalis

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