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Military Macaw

 (Ara militaris)

Also known as: Green Macaw, Blue-green Macaw

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Military Macaw pair
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Military Macaw is so similar to the Great Green Macaw in coloration that it is almost indistinguishable.

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Academic Research

Related publications: Ara militaris

Species Profile

Genus: Ara | Species: militaris

Size:

70-75cm (27.3-29.3 in)

Weight:

900g (31.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: A.m. militaris, A.m. mexicana, A.m. boliviana

Colourization Adult:

Large, mostly green macaw with bright red forehead patch, blue flight feathers and bright sky blue rump. Bare face with fine lines of black feathers. 
A.m. militaris: Both adults green, olive wash on back and wing covers; blue suffusion on crown to neck, forehead and fine lines on lores red, throat olive/brown, upper tail dark brown/red and tipped dark blue. Bill grey/black, pink/white face which turns darker pink when excited. Fine lines of feathers on face green/black. Eye yellow.
A.m. mexicana: Both adults larger than militaris.     
A.m. boliviana: Both adults as in militaris but throat red/brown, red bases to feathers of ear coverts; tip of tail and outer webs of primary feathers darker blue.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but tail shorter. Eye grey.

Call:

Loud, harsh; also raucous and drawn out; shrieking. Calls audible at some distance.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Arkive

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8474, Military Macaw Ara militaris, Kincaid, Edgar, Jalisco, Mexico, Jun. 22 1957, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.

Click photo to visit gallery

Military Macaw pair
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Military Macaw is so similar to the Great Green Macaw in coloration that it is almost indistinguishable.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara militaris

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common in US; rare in other countries.

Longevity:

50-60yrs

Housing:

Should have access to a large enclosure at least 15m (49 ft) for at least part of the year; keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; nuts including: walnuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; vegetables and fruit such as: corn on the cob, banana, orange, apple and others; wholemeal bread, cubes of cheese, and if possible, palm fruits; complete pellet for macaws.

Enrichment:

Are chewers, need bird-safe woods such as: fir, elder, pine and willow to chew on; also heat sterilized pine cones, large vegetable tanned leather and wood toys. Enjoys bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Horizontal macaw box, 16" x 16" x 48" (40.6cm x 40.6cm x 122cm) or 35 gal. (133 L) pickle barrel.

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

13 weeks

Hatch Weight:

18-25g (0.6-0.9 oz)

Peak Weight:

760-1039g (26.6-36.4 oz)

Weaning Weight:

678-820g (23.7-28.7 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Military Macaw pair
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Military Macaw is so similar to the Great Green Macaw in coloration that it is almost indistinguishable.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara militaris

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000-20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss and domestic wild bird trade.

Range:

A.m. militaris: Tropics of Colombia and NW Venezuela, south to the E Ecuador and Urubamba region, SE Peru; rarely to Pacific slope of Andes in Peru.
A.m. mexicana: Pacific slope in Mexico from Sonora south to Jalisco.
A.m. boliviana: East slope of Andes in Bolivia, south from Beni, also NW Argentina in Jujuy and Salta.
A.m. mexicana: Pacific slope in Mexico from S Sonora south to Jalisco, formerly to W Chiapas and Atlantic slope from E Nuevo Leon to San Luis Potosi.

Habitat:

Found in foothills of mountainous areas in wooded country with valleys from 500-1500m (1640-4920 ft); sometimes to 2000m (6560 ft). Also regularly to sea-level in Pacific Mexico and Colombia. In Mexico mostly secluded uplands in dry woodland; occasionally in lowland humid and riparian forests. In Colombian Andes humid forest. In Venezuela in rainforest to 600m (1968 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds on variety of fruits, nuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Mostly found in pairs or small flocks of up to 10; roosts in far greater numbers. Roosts communally on cliff faces or large trees.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2-3 elliptical eggs, 46.5 x 33.0mm (1.8 x 1.3 in).

Breeding Season:

June, Mexico

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Feeding ecology of Military Macaws in a semi-arid region of central Mexico
Research: Observations of the Military Macaw in northern Oaxaca, Mexico
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Military Macaw pair
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The Military Macaw is so similar to the Great Green Macaw in coloration that it is almost indistinguishable.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara militaris

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