Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join WPT

Join Now

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Monk Parakeet

 (Myiopsitta monachus)

Also known as: Quaker Parrot or Parakeet, Grey-breasted Parakeet, Cliff Parakeet (M.m. luchsi)

Click photo to visit gallery

Monk Parakeet in a Mimosa Tree
© Lori Martin | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?

The Monk Parakeet has established feral (non-native) populations all over the US in places like Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Puerto Rico, and the rest of the world in Bedfordshire and Alfreton, UK, and Holland, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain and the Canary Islands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Myiopsitta monachus

Species Profile

Genus: Myiopsitta | Species: monachus

Size:

29cm (11.3 in)

Weight:

127-140g (4.4-4.9 in)

Races including nominate:

four: M.m. monachus, M.m. calita, M.m. cotorra, M.m. luchsi

Colourization Adult:

M.m. monachus: Both adults green in colour with yellow on underparts; forehead blue/grey turning to brown/grey on crown and back of head; face pale grey; breast brown/grey scalloped with grey/white; stripe across upper abdomen olive/yellow; underparts of wings (flight feathers) pale blue; upper tail green, undertail dull grey/blue at base. Bill orange/brown. Eye dark brown.
M.m. calita: Both adults head darker grey with no blue tint to forecrown; lower abdomen washed with blue; smaller in size.
M.m. cotorra: Both adults as in calita, but upperparts brighter green in colour; abdomen less yellow.
M.m. luchsi: Both adults forehead and forecrown completely pale grey; breast uniform grey in colour.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but forehead grey tinted with green.

Call:

Produces wide array of shrill screeches, squawks and chatter. While in flight or when perched emits loud staccato shrieking and rapid repititious squawks. Loudly chatters while feeding.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Birdsnways

Content Sources:

The Wilson Bulletin Vol. 102, No. 3, September 1990
BirdLife International
CITES
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 132879, Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus, Hosner, Peter, Corrientes, Argentina, Nov. 20 2006, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005.

Click photo to visit gallery

Monk Parakeet in a Mimosa Tree
© Lori Martin | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?

The Monk Parakeet has established feral (non-native) populations all over the US in places like Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Puerto Rico, and the rest of the world in Bedfordshire and Alfreton, UK, and Holland, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain and the Canary Islands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Myiopsitta monachus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

25 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, etc, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas, corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mixture: canary, millet, safflower and limited sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses; limited cubed hard cheese; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Socialization, bathing; provide nest building materials, puzzle toys, bird safe chewables (fir, pine, elder, willow, sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather).

Nest Box Size:

This species nests in colonies. Provide a welded mesh base and a large supply of twigs, from which the pairs will build their nests. Nest boxes may be used (vertical box, 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm).

Clutch Size:

5-7

Incubation Time:

23-24 days

Fledging Age:

6-7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.17 oz) (wild)

Peak Weight:

110-120g (3.8-4.2 oz) (wild)

Weaning Weight:

Around 100g (3.5 oz) (wild)

Specialist Club:

Quaker Parakeet Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Monk Parakeet in a Mimosa Tree
© Lori Martin | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?

The Monk Parakeet has established feral (non-native) populations all over the US in places like Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Puerto Rico, and the rest of the world in Bedfordshire and Alfreton, UK, and Holland, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain and the Canary Islands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Myiopsitta monachus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Evidence of population increase however since 1981 710,686 individuals have been traded on the international wild bird market.

Range:

M.m. monachus: S Rio Grande do Sul, SE Brazil, through Uruguay to NE Argentina, south to E Buenos Aires.
M.m. calita: W Argentina, from Salta and W Buenos Aires south to Rio Negro.
M.m. cotorra: S Mato Grosso, Brazil and E Bolivia through Paraguay to N Argentina, in Formosa, Chaco and Corrientes.
M.m. luchsi: Upper Bolivia, from SE La Paz, southern Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz to N Chuquisaca. Isolated to highlands.

Habitat:

Found in dry wooded country or open country with trees including gallery forest, isolated clumps of trees, palm groves, woodlots, savanna and thorn scrub with cacti. Also found in cultivated areas. Feral in some urban areas. Up to 1000m (3280 ft), race luchsi reaching 3000m (9840 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats wild and cultivated seeds, fruits and vegetable items such as grass seeds and grain, cactus stems, root vegetables and tree fruits. Also includes insects and their larvae in its diet.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Occurs in pairs or flocks of 30-50 birds, with larger groups outside of breeding season. Roost communally, sleeping sometimes in nest outside of breeding season. Feeds in trees and on the ground, mixing with other species of birds such as pigeons and cowbirds.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5-7 ovate eggs, 28.0 x 21.5mm (1.1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

October-December

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Monk Parakeet in a Mimosa Tree
© Lori Martin | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?

The Monk Parakeet has established feral (non-native) populations all over the US in places like Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Puerto Rico, and the rest of the world in Bedfordshire and Alfreton, UK, and Holland, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain and the Canary Islands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Myiopsitta monachus

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts Parrot Lover's Cruise