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Night Parrot

 (Pezoporus occidentalis)

Also known as: Spinifex Parrot, Nocturnal Ground Parrot

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Illustration of Night Parrot
© By Martin ThompsonFlyingidiot at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Night Parrot was presumed extinct until it was rediscovered in 1979, when four birds were seen in northern S Australia. It was then not seen again until 1990, then 2005.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pezoporus occidentalis

Species Profile

Genus: Pezoporus | Species: occidentalis

Size:

23cm (9 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults yellow/green in colour mottled with dark brown, black and yellow; yellow/green foreneck, breast and flanks with black and yellow barring; bright yellow abdomen and undertail coverts; pale yellow on flight feathers forming underwing stripe; dark brown tail barred with yellow. Bill grey/brown. Eye black.

Colourization Juvenile:

Reported to be duller than adults with yellow on throat and neck.

Call:

Calls are described as low, two-note whistle when alighting at water source at night; emits squeak when startled, and strange croaking note when alarmed.

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots

Content Sources:

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Night Parrot
© By Martin ThompsonFlyingidiot at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Night Parrot was presumed extinct until it was rediscovered in 1979, when four birds were seen in northern S Australia. It was then not seen again until 1990, then 2005.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pezoporus occidentalis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not usually seen in aviculture.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Large, planted aviary with grass and bushes.

Diet:

Seed mix such as: grass, millet, canary, oats and niger, wild bird food, weed seeds and hemp; small amounts of sunflower; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, dandelion, chickweed, sowthistle; eggfood and soft insect food.

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Night Parrot
© By Martin ThompsonFlyingidiot at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Night Parrot was presumed extinct until it was rediscovered in 1979, when four birds were seen in northern S Australia. It was then not seen again until 1990, then 2005.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pezoporus occidentalis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

50 - 249

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

This species is threatened by predation by feral cats and foxes, altered fire regimes, competition for food in arid areas, destruction of habitat near water by livestock and reduced availability of water due to overconsumption by feral camels.

Range:

Seen in scattered areas in arid interior of mainland Australia; recent reports from W Queensland.

Habitat:

Found in areas that are a combination of samphire flats with nearby lake systems and Spinifex sandplains. Also seen in mulga and saltbush habitats, with large freshwater pools, rocky areas with Spinifex, margins of salt lakes and grassy areas.

Wild Diet:

Seeds of Spinifex and various grasses; possibly also vegetable matter.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Usually solitary, active and ground dwelling; by day hides quietly in Spinifex vegetation where it is difficult to spot. Only flies during day if in danger; flies longer distances at night, when it is more active. Forages and visits watering areas many times. May leave for other areas in times of severe drought.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 eggs, 25.0 x 19.5mm (1.0 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

Not available

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Article "Night Parrot find causes controversy in Australia"
Australian Gov't Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Night Parrot
© By Martin ThompsonFlyingidiot at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Night Parrot was presumed extinct until it was rediscovered in 1979, when four birds were seen in northern S Australia. It was then not seen again until 1990, then 2005.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pezoporus occidentalis

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