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Patagonian Conure

 (Cyanoliseus patagonus)

Also known as: Patagonian Parrot, Burrowing Parrot, Greater Patagonian Conure (C.p. bloxami)

Click photo to visit gallery

Patagonian Conures in flight
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

A recent study (PsittaScene May 2006) conducted by Juan Masello et al, found over 35,000 active nest burrows for the Patagonian Conure of El Condor, Patagonia. The counts showed that the colony extended over 9 km of a sandstone cliff facing the ocean.

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WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoliseus patagonus

Species Profile

Genus: Cyanoliseus | Species: patagonus

Size:

45cm (17.5 in)

Weight:

256-281g (9-10 oz) (patagonus) 315-390g (11-13.6 oz) (bloxami)

Races including nominate:

four: C.p. patagonus (Lesser), C.p. andinus, C.p. bloxami (Greater), C.p. conlara

Colourization Adult:

C.p. patagonus: Both adults olive/brown head, neck, back and breast; lower back to tail and upper abdomen yellow; orange/red thighs and centre of abdomen; throat and breast grey/brown, white marks at bend of wing on breast; tail olive/green tinted with blue, undertail brown/grey. White bare eye-ring, eye pale yellow. Bill dark grey.         
C.p. conlara: Both adults as in patagonus, but with darker breast.             
C.p. andinus: Both adults duller than patagonus; little yellow on lower underparts; centre of abdomen dull orange/red; white markings on breast very faint.           
C.p. bloxami: Both adults brighter yellow on lower underparts, brighter red on thighs and centre of abdomen, more extensive white on breast forming a wide band; larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but generally duller; shorter tail. Upper mandible horn-coloured.  Eye pale grey.

Call:

Calls very noisy; shrieking; alarm call gyeee gyee gyeee.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

World Land Trust

Content Sources:

Burrowing Parrots - author Juan Masello
Pet Education
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 146738, Patagonian Conure Cyanoliseus patagonus, Robbins, Mark, Rio, Negro, Argentina, Nov. 17 2006, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Patagonian Conures in flight
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

A recent study (PsittaScene May 2006) conducted by Juan Masello et al, found over 35,000 active nest burrows for the Patagonian Conure of El Condor, Patagonia. The counts showed that the colony extended over 9 km of a sandstone cliff facing the ocean.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoliseus patagonus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Lesser Patagonian Conure: common; Greater Patagonian Conure: rare

Longevity:

Up to 35yrs.

Housing:

Walk in aviary or enclosure, minimum length 4.5-7m (14.7-23 ft).

Diet:

Mix of soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; boiled maize; cooked or sprouted beans; cooked whole rice; fresh vegetables such as carrot, green beans, zucchini; fresh fruits such as apple, orange, banana separately; mix of small seeds (canary, oat), complete commercial pellet.

Enrichment:

Love bathing, puzzle toys, bird-safe woods such as fir, pine, willow, elder; other bird-safe chewables (vegetable tanned leather toys), climables (ladders, swings); noise makers, foraging toys.

Nest Box Size:

14" x 14" x 24" (35.5cm x 35.5cm x 61cm) rectangular box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 5

Incubation Time:

24-25 days

Fledging Age:

7-9 weeks (longer for bloxami)

Hatch Weight:

10-12g (0.35-0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

225g (8 oz)

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Patagonian Conures in flight
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

A recent study (PsittaScene May 2006) conducted by Juan Masello et al, found over 35,000 active nest burrows for the Patagonian Conure of El Condor, Patagonia. The counts showed that the colony extended over 9 km of a sandstone cliff facing the ocean.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoliseus patagonus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

C.p. bloxami: est. under 3000 in Chile; other populations unknown, but decline in parts of Argentina. Believed common but declining overall.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Heavily traded in wild bird trade; since 1981 122,914 individuals recorded in international trade, persecution as crop pest, conversion of grasslands to crops.

Range:

C.p. patagonus: S Argentina, ranging north in winter to C Argentina and S Uruguay.
C.p. conlara: C Argentina.
C.p. andinus: NW Argentina, from Salta and Catamarca south to C Mendoza and N San Luis.
C.p. bloxami: formerly C Chile, but now restricted to a few localities in central provinces, including Bio Bio.

Habitat:

Found in open grass country, also reported in savanna, wooded valleys with cliffs and farmland to about 2000m (6560 ft). In arid country near streams and rivers.

Wild Diet:

Diet is chiefly seeds and fruit; sometimes grain crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious parrots, forming large flocks in excess of 1000 birds; roosts communally in trees, wires, and in nest tunnels.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 5 almost spherical eggs, 36.5 x 29.5mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

San Luis: November- April Chile: earlier. In Northeast Patagonia: October to February

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Patagonian Conures in flight
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

A recent study (PsittaScene May 2006) conducted by Juan Masello et al, found over 35,000 active nest burrows for the Patagonian Conure of El Condor, Patagonia. The counts showed that the colony extended over 9 km of a sandstone cliff facing the ocean.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoliseus patagonus

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