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Puerto Rican Amazon

 (Amazona vittata)

Also known as: Puerto Rican Parrot, Red-fronted Amazon

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Puerto Rican Amazon
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

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Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: vittata

Size:

29 cm (11.3 in)

Weight:

320g (11.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one, subspecies gracilipes extinct.

Colourization Adult:

A.v. vittata: Both adults mostly green, medium sized parrots; yellow on underparts, the feathers scalloped with soft black; red lores and frontal band; dark blue primary coverts and primary feathers; tail green with red at base. Bill yellow/horn in colour. Eye ring white. Eye brown.
A.v. graciliceps (extinct): Both adults as in vittata but smaller in size and with smaller, more slender feet.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with pale yellow bill with grey at base of upper mandible.

Call:

Large range of whistles, squawks, horn like sounds; complex repertoire which may be individual to each bird.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

US Fish and Wildlife Service

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8467, Puerto Rican Parrot Amazona vittata, Kepler, Cameron, Puerto Rico, Jan. 26 1971, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Care

Captive Status:

In captive breeding programme.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Flight cages provided at Luquillo Aviaries (captive breeding facility; administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) new facilities being built at Rio Grande (El Yunque).

Diet:

Variety of wild fruits and other wild vegetation.

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Wild Status

World Population:

60-70 in wild, about 330 in captive breeding programme, for a total of about 400.

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Mainly habitat loss; also hunting, wild bird trade and hurricanes. Remaining habitat protected within Caribbean National Forest.

Range:

Puerto Rico and formerly neighbouring islands of Mona and Culebra; possibly Vieques and St. Thomas.

Habitat:

Formerly found in all vegetation types from mangrove to montane forest with the exception of dry forest in south of Puerto Rico. Reminant population found in moist montane forest between 200-600m (656-1968 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats seeds, fruits, flowers and leaves.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found generally in pairs. Aggressively territorial when breeding. Formerly found in large flocks.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, 35.5 x 28.5mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

February-April.

Related Links:

Arkive
Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

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