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Rainbow Lorikeet

 (Trichoglossus haematodus)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Swainson's Blue Mountain Lory (T.h. moluccanus) perched on vertical branch
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Although the Rainbow Lorikeet is listed as Least Concern by IUCN there are a number of subspecies that are at risk for extinction on Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa and Tasmania.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus haematodus

Species Profile

Genus: Trichoglossus | Species: haematodus

Size:

26cm (10 in)

Weight:

100-157g (3.5-5.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

twenty: T.h. haematodus, T.h. mitchellii, T.h. forsteni, T.h. septentrionalis, T.h. djampeanus, T.h. stresemanni, T.h. fortis, T.h. weberi, T.h. capistratus, T.h. flavotectus, T.h. rosenbergii, T.h. nigrogularis, T.h. intermedius, T.h. micropteryx, T.h. caeruleiceps, T.h. flavicans, T.h. nesophilus, T.h. massena, T.h. deplanchii, T.h. moluccanus

Colourization Adult:

T.h. haematodus: Both adults brown/black head with lilac/blue streaks on face; collar yellow/green; red breast banded with blue/black; dark green abdomen; green/yellow thighs to undertail coverts; green upperparts and tail; orange underwing coverts; yellow, wide band under the wing. Bill orange/red. Eye dark orange.
T.h. rosenbergii: Both adults red band bordering the broad yellow collar; head more evidently streaked lilac/blue; wide purple/blue barring on breast; dark purple abdomen; underwing stripe orange.
T.h. micropteryx: Both adults differ from haematodus by paler body colour; banding on breast narrower; collar more green.
T.h. caeruleiceps: Both adults strong lilac/blue streaking on entire crown and sides of head; orange/red breast, thinly barred with blue/black; blue/black upper abdomen; lower abdomen orange/red with more evident blue/black barring.
T.h. nigrogularis: Both adults as in caeruleiceps but larger in size, with blue streaks on head much darker.
T.h. massena: Both adults as in micropteryx, but have strong brown wash on occiput and nape; collar less yellowish; paler red breast with fine bars of blue/black.
T.h. flavicans: Both adults have varying plumage with bronze/yellow to dull green upperparts and undertail coverts; collar yellow; red/brown occiput; purple/blue streaked forehead, lores and area around eyes, remainder of head black, with grey/green streaking; bright red breast with minimal barring.
T.h. nesophilus: Both adults as in flavicans but with green upper body, undertail coverts and tail which never vary to bronze/yellow.
T.h. deplanchii: Both adults as in massena but with more blue streaking on head, occiput and nape less brown, and less yellow on thighs to undertail coverts; blue/black markings vary on upper abdomen.
T.h. moluccanus: Both adults strong purple/blue streaking on entire head; yellow/orange breast with barring minimal or absent; collar yellow/green; deep purple/blue abdomen.
T.h. septentrionalis: Both adults as in moluccanus, but purple/blue streaking on head brighter; shorter tail.
T.h. rubritorquis: Both adults black throat and foreneck with streaking absent; collar wide and orange/red, reaching down sides of neck to connect with orange/red breast; breast barring absent; purple/blue hindneck, with varying red marks; green/black abdomen; underwing band wider.
T.h. flavotectus: Both adults green head with purple/blue streaking on forecrown to cheeks; yellow to deep orange variability on breast; collar wide and yellow; dark green to green/black abdomen; yellow underwing coverts with varying orange markings.
T.h. capistratus: Both adults as in flavotectus but with more green collar; breast pale yellow; dark green abdomen.
T.h. weberi: Both adults in general green; light green/blue streaking on forehead and lores, the remainder of head streaked with brighter green; yellow/green underwing coverts; smaller in size.
T.h. fortis: Both adults black/brown head with purple/blue streaking on forecrown to cheeks; green lores, throat, line above to behind eye and occiput; bright yellow breast with no barring but with orange/red markings; dark green abdomen, with occasional blue/black tints; yellow underwing coverts.
T.h. mitchellii: Both adults black/brown head with grey/green streaks on crown to cheeks; red/brown wash on occiput; red breast with minimal or no barring; yellow/green collar; purple/black abdomen; smaller in size.
T.h. forsteni: Both adults as in mitchelli but with darker red breast; purple/blue streaking on forehead and cheeks; more yellow collar bordered on hindneck by purple/blue; purple abdomen; green barring on thighs and flanks minimal; larger in size.
T.h. djampeanus: Both adults differ from forsteni by head being darker and more evidently streaked brighter purple/blue.
T.h. stresemanni: Both adults as in forsteni but with paler orange/red breast; green wash on occiput; feathers of mantle having yellow/orange bases.

Colourization Juvenile:

T.h. haematodus: Duller than adult. Bill brown/black. Cere and eye ring grey/white, eye brown.         
T.h. rosenbergii: As in adults.               
T.h. micropteryx: As in adults.             
T.h. caeruleiceps: As in adults.
T.h. nigrogularis: As in adults.
T.h. massena: As in adults.
T.h. flavicans: As in adults.
T.h. nesophilus: As in adults.
T.h. deplanchii: As in adults.
T.h. moluccanus: As in adults.
T.h. septentrionalis: As in adults.
T.h. rubritorquis: As in adults.
T.h. flavotectus: As in adults.
T.h. capistratus: As in adults.
T.h. weberi: As in adults.
T.h. fortis: As in adults.
T.h. mitchellii: As in adults.
T.h. forsteni: As in adults.
T.h. djampeanus: As in adults.
T.h. stresemanni: As in adults.

Call:

Repeated notes, sharp, rolling while in flight.  Shrill chattering while feeding. Soft notes at rest.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Birdsnways.com

Content Sources:

Article "Rainbow Lorikeets," by Mike Owen
Article "Rainbow Lories in American Aviculture," by Margarethe Warden
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 82332, Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus, Loetscher, Fred W., Jr., Queensland, Australia, Feb. 5 1969, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005.

Click photo to visit gallery

Swainson's Blue Mountain Lory (T.h. moluccanus) perched on vertical branch
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Although the Rainbow Lorikeet is listed as Least Concern by IUCN there are a number of subspecies that are at risk for extinction on Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa and Tasmania.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus haematodus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common (T.h. haematodus); other subspecies not as common.

Longevity:

20 yrs in the wild. 15-25 yrs in captivity.

Housing:

Enclosure with drain in floor, or suspended cage over tiled or concrete floor.

Diet:

Nectar - a commercial type specially formulated for small species or a mix of baby cereal (lactose-free) and honey, malt extract or molasses, mixed with filtered water, made fresh once or twice daily, making up at least 40 percent of the diet; vegetables and fruit especially apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits and bananas, and one or more daily of: carrot, fresh corn, green leaves; plus dried figs soaked in water for a few hours, spray millet and a small amount of soaked or sprouted sunflower seed and small amount of canary seed.

Enrichment:

Loves bathing, hanging toys, puzzle/foraging toys, foot toys, ladders, swings, socializing; noisy toys (bells, squeakers), bird safe chewables (vegetable tanned leather, safe woods).

Nest Box Size:

L-shaped box, 51cm x 36cm (20 x 14 in).

Clutch Size:

2 to 3

Incubation Time:

23-25 days

Fledging Age:

8-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

American Lory Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Swainson's Blue Mountain Lory (T.h. moluccanus) perched on vertical branch
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Although the Rainbow Lorikeet is listed as Least Concern by IUCN there are a number of subspecies that are at risk for extinction on Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa and Tasmania.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus haematodus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Heavy trapping for wild bird trade. Since 1981 over 100,000 individuals have been traded on international market.

Range:

T.h. haematodus: Found in Tayandu, Kai Islands, west through Watubela and Seramlaut Islands to Seram, Ambon, and Buru, South Moluccas, and W Papuan Islands to islands in Geelvink Bay, excluding Biak, and W New Guinea, east to Astrolabe Bay, Papua New Guinea and in south to upper Fly River, W Papua New Guinea; Manam and possibly Schouten Islands, N Papua New Guinea.
T.h. rosenbergii: Occurs on Biak Island, Geelvink Bay, Irian Jaya.
T.h. micropteryx: Found E Papua New Guinea, west to Huon Peninsula in north to central ranges around Lake Kutubu and to Hall Sound in south; also Misima Island in Louisiade Archipelago.
T.h. caeruleiceps: Found S New Guinea between lower Fly River, SW Papua New Guinea and Princess Marianne Straits, SE Irian Jaya; also Boigu and Saibai Islands, northern Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia.
T.h. nigrogularis: Occurs on Aru Islands and E Kai Islands, Indonesia.
T.h. massena: Found on Karkar Island and Bismarck Archipelago, E Papua New Guinea, east through Bougainville and Solomon Islands to Vanuatu.
T.h. flavicans: Occurs in New Hanover, Admiralty Islands and Nuguria Islands, E Papua New Guinea.
T.h. nesophilus: Found in Hermit and Ninigo Islands, N Papua New Guinea.
T.h. deplanchii: Found on New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands.
T.h. moluccanus: Occurs in SE and E Australia from Gulf of Carpentaria and S Cape York Peninsula, N Queensland, south to S Victoria and SE South Australia, including Kangaroo Island; also Tasmania and introduced to Perth district, SW Australia.
T.h. septentrionalis: Found N Queensland, on islands in Torres Strait, excluding Boigu and Saibai; also Cape York Peninsula south to Endeavour and Daintree Rivers.
T.h. rubritorquis: Occurs in N Australia from Kimberley division of W Australia east to Gulf of Carpentaria, N Queensland.
T.h. flavotectus: Found on Wetar, Romang and Kisar Islands, northeast of Timor.
T.h. capistratus: Found on Timor.
T.h. weberi: Occurs on Flores, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.h. fortis: Found Sumba, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.h. mitchellii: Found on Bali (formerly), Nusa Penida and Lombok.
T.h. forsteni: Occurs on Sumbawa, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.h. djampeanus: Found on Tanahjampea Island in Flores Sea.
T.h. stresemanni: Occurs on Kalaotoa Island in Flores Sea.

Habitat:

Most common in lowlands but found up to 2400m (7872 ft). Wide variety of areas including settlements, forest, coconut plantations, savanna, Eucalypt stands and mangroves.

Wild Diet:

Feeds mainly on nectar but will also take figs, insects and can be found around man-made feeding stations.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in mixed flocks with other parrots; in small noisy groups. Nomadic, as they are dependent on flowering trees. Roosts communally in groups of hundreds of birds. Will also roost and nest on the ground on some of the predator-free islands. Displays frequently.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 3 ovate eggs, 27.0 x 22.5mm (1 x 0.9 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeding recorded most months in Indonesia, New Guinea and N Australia; S Australia August-January.

Related Links:

Parrot Society of Australia
Wikipedia
Birds in Backyards

Click photo to visit gallery

Swainson's Blue Mountain Lory (T.h. moluccanus) perched on vertical branch
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

Although the Rainbow Lorikeet is listed as Least Concern by IUCN there are a number of subspecies that are at risk for extinction on Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa and Tasmania.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus haematodus

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