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Red-fronted Macaw

 (Ara rubrogenys)

Also known as: Red-cheeked Macaw

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Wild pair of Red-fronted Macaws
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the least known of all parrots in South America; also unknown in aviculture until 1973.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara rubrogenys

Species Profile

Genus: Ara | Species: rubrogenys

Size:

60cm (23.4 in)

Weight:

525-550g (18.4-19.25 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults mostly olive/green; orange/red forecrown, ear coverts and shoulder patch; face pink and less bare than other macaws; thighs red; lesser wing coverts, bend of wing, wrist area, and lesser underwing coverts orange/red; tail olive/green tipped with blue. Bill grey/black. Eye orange.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with orange/red on forehead or crown diminished or absent; wing entirely green, thighs green with orange tinge; tail shorter. Eye brown.

Call:

Short musical notes, shrill and ringing, similar to Chestnut-fronted Macaw, given in flight, when feeding or at rest.  Call of juvenile less strong and higher pitched.  Pairs duet.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 132534, Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys, Hosner, Peter, Cochabamba, Bolivia, Jan. 19 2007, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild pair of Red-fronted Macaws
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the least known of all parrots in South America; also unknown in aviculture until 1973.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara rubrogenys

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon in captivity.

Longevity:

Probably up to 40 yrs.

Housing:

Large enclosure if possible, at least 15m (49 ft) long to fly at least for part of the year. Keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed, walnuts, roasted peanuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; corn on the cob, bananas, oranges and other fruits; wholemeal bread, cubes of cheese, palm fruits if in tropical areas. Complete pellet for macaws.

Enrichment:

Enjoy chewing on wood, so provide bird-safe woods (fir, pine, willow,elder) in branches or toys, vegetable tanned leather lacing or toys, puzzle toys. Enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters for bathing often.

Nest Box Size:

Horizontal macaw box, 16" x 16" x 48" (40.6cm x 40.6cm x 122cm).

Clutch Size:

1 to 3

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

12 weeks

Hatch Weight:

12-16g (0.4-0.5 oz)

Peak Weight:

413-526g (14.4-18.4 oz)

Weaning Weight:

352-477g (12.3-16.7 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild pair of Red-fronted Macaws
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the least known of all parrots in South America; also unknown in aviculture until 1973.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara rubrogenys

Species Wild Status

World Population:

1000-4000

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Approximately 40% of natural vegetation of habitat converted to agricultural use by 1991, habitat degradation by grazing domestic animals, food trees harvested for fuel and charcoal. Some persecution as crop pest as macaw's food sources disappear. Some illegal trapping still occurs, although much reduced through protection.

Range:

Restricted to small area on E Andean slope of C and S Bolivia.

Habitat:

Found in xerophilous thorny scrub with cacti and scattered trees and shrubs. Also steep-sided, undisturbed riverside cliffs for nesting and roosting. Also occur in cultivated areas.

Wild Diet:

Diet includes seeds and fruits but this often scarce so birds feed also on crop plants such as maize and groundnuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Nesting singly or loose colonies; birds gregarious with large flocks forming in pre-roosting flights and after breeding.

Clutch and Egg Size:

1 to 3 eggs.

Breeding Season:

November-April

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Behaviour of individuals and social interactions of the Red-fronted Macaw in the wild during the midday rest
Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild pair of Red-fronted Macaws
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

One of the least known of all parrots in South America; also unknown in aviculture until 1973.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara rubrogenys

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