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Red-rumped Parrot

 (Psephotus haematonotus)

Also known as: Red-rumped Parakeet, Red-backed Parrot or Parakeet, Redrump, Grass Parrot, Ground Parrot, Green Leek

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Red-Rumped Parakeet perched
© Nora Peters | www.ozwildbirds.com

Did You Know?

The Red-rumped Parrot feeds on seed heads by perching on the stem of a small plant until it gives way under its weight and bends to the ground, allowing the bird to pick off the seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotus haematonotus

Species Profile

Genus: Psephotus | Species: haematonotus

Size:

27cm (10.5 in)

Weight:

55-85g (1.9-3 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.h. haematonotus, P.h. caeruleus

Colourization Adult:

P.h. haematonotus: Male-green head, upperparts and breast; yellow abdomen; white undertail coverts; red rump. Bill black. Eye brown/grey. Female-dull olive head, upperparts and breast; green rump and upper tail coverts; white undertail coverts variably suffused with pale blue. Bill dark grey. Eye grey.
P.h. caeruleus: Male-green paler in general plumage, more blue; orange/red rump. Female-brown/grey head and upperparts; white abdomen to undertail coverts.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.h. haematonotus: In general duller than adults.
P.h. caeruleus: In general paler than juvenile haematonotus.

Call:

Calls are distinctive; contact calls are shrill and whistling notes with upward inflection. Also trilling, whistling notes while perched. Shrill chatter while bickering or defending nest area.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 23835, Red-rumped Parrot Psephotus haematonotus, Parker, Theodore A., III, Louisiana, US, May 1981, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Red-Rumped Parakeet perched
© Nora Peters | www.ozwildbirds.com

Did You Know?

The Red-rumped Parrot feeds on seed heads by perching on the stem of a small plant until it gives way under its weight and bends to the ground, allowing the bird to pick off the seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotus haematonotus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft) or indoor aviary minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; seeding grasses; rearing food made from hard boiled egg, wholegrain, low-fat cheese and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Vigorous chewers so provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, willow, fir, elder and pine branches; wooden block toys, heat sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys; swings, ladders and ropes. Also enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 6" x 6" x 16" (15.2cm x 15.2cm x 40.6cm).

Clutch Size:

4-6

Incubation Time:

19 days

Fledging Age:

4-5 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Avicultural Society of Australia

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Red-Rumped Parakeet perched
© Nora Peters | www.ozwildbirds.com

Did You Know?

The Red-rumped Parrot feeds on seed heads by perching on the stem of a small plant until it gives way under its weight and bends to the ground, allowing the bird to pick off the seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotus haematonotus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Above 200,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

There is evidence of a decline.

Range:

P.h. haematonotus: SE Australia, from S Queensland to Victoria and E South Australia.
P.h. caeruleus: Lake Eyre basin and Cooper-Strzelecki Creeks drainages in SW Queensland, NW New South Wales and E South Australia.

Habitat:

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft) in open and riverine woodland, mangroves, grassland and farmland. Also seen in suburban areas, such as golf courses, roadsides and parks.

Wild Diet:

Diet includes grass and herb seeds, shoots, leaves, blossoms and spilt grain.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Resident with local movements after the breeding season. Seen in pairs or small flocks, as well as postbreeding groups of 100 or more. Feed on the ground and in trees and shrubs. Are active at dawn and dusk, resting during the heat of the day.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-6 rounded eggs, 23.5 x 19.0mm (0.9 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

July-January

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Arkive
Research: Ecological factors faciltiating city-dwelling in Red-rumped Parrots

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Red-Rumped Parakeet perched
© Nora Peters | www.ozwildbirds.com

Did You Know?

The Red-rumped Parrot feeds on seed heads by perching on the stem of a small plant until it gives way under its weight and bends to the ground, allowing the bird to pick off the seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotus haematonotus

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