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Red-spectacled Amazon

 (Amazona pretrei)

Also known as: Red-spectacled Parrot, Pretre's Amazon or Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-spectacled Amazon
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This Amazon produces very loud, spectacular exhibitions of acrobatics and noise when congregating for its nighttime roost. Hundreds of birds are seen grouping together.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona pretrei

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: pretrei

Size:

32cm (12.5 in)

Weight:

295g (10.3 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Male-all green, darker on back and wings, the feathers edged with black; red on forehead, crown to lores and around eyes; red thighs, bend of wing, carpal edge, alula, and primary coverts; tail green, tipped widely yellow/green, and outer side tail feathers with red spot at base of inner web. Bill yellow/horn. Eye ring white. Eye orange/yellow. Female-carpal edge mixed red and green/yellow; less red on bend of wing.

Colourization Juvenile:

Red on head confined to forehead and lores, with scattered red feathers on green crown and around eyes; carpal edge yellow/green; less red on bend of wing; alula and thighs green. Eye pale grey.

Call:

While in flight a piercing, high-pitched screech and lower hoarser notes. Also repetitive notes hee-o…hee-o.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
CITES
BirdLife International
ML Media Collection Catalogue 68408, Red-spectacled Parrot Amazona pretrei, Finch, Davis, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Aug. 16 1993, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-spectacled Amazon
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This Amazon produces very loud, spectacular exhibitions of acrobatics and noise when congregating for its nighttime roost. Hundreds of birds are seen grouping together.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona pretrei

Species Care

Captive Status:

Unknown until 1980s when a few reached Europe; not well known elsewhere.

Longevity:

40+ yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, etc, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, kale, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: millet, canary, smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; limited sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; cooked beans or pulses; limited cubed hard cheese; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Socialization, bathing, swings, ladders, bird-safe chew items (pine, fir, willow, elder, sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather), puzzle toys, foraging toys and branches.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 to 4

Incubation Time:

26-27 days

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

10-11g (0.35-0.38 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-spectacled Amazon
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This Amazon produces very loud, spectacular exhibitions of acrobatics and noise when congregating for its nighttime roost. Hundreds of birds are seen grouping together.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona pretrei

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 16,300

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Loss of habitat due to overexploitation of various forest products (Araucaria seeds) and cutting trees for timber and fuelwood.

Range:

SE Brazil, in Rio Grande do Sul, also SE Santa Catarina. Isolated populations reaching E Paraguay and NE Argentina in Misiones.

Habitat:

Strongly associated with Araucaria angustifolia forest for roosting in off breeding season. Occurs in low open savanna woodland and riverine forests for breeding. From 300-1000m (984-3280 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats seeds of A. angustifolia and Podocarpus lamberti, fruits of Eugenia, Campomanesia and Melia. Also fruits of Cupania, Phytolacca, Allophylus, Nectandra, Ocotea, Cytharexylum, Myrcianthes, Blepharocalyx, Ficus and Symplocos.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Spread out in pairs while breeding but very social outside breeding season. Large communal roosts located in vicinity of plantations of Pinus and Eucalyptus. May move up to 100km (62 mi) in a day in relation to food availability.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 to 4 eggs, 34.5 x 26.5mm (1.3 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

September-January

Related Links:

Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-spectacled Amazon
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

This Amazon produces very loud, spectacular exhibitions of acrobatics and noise when congregating for its nighttime roost. Hundreds of birds are seen grouping together.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona pretrei

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