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Tui Parakeet

 (Brotogeris sanctithomae)

Also known as: Santarem Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Tui Parakeet
© By Cláudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Tui Parakeet, along with other Brotogeris species, is an arboreal termitarium nester. This means it nests in termite mounds in trees.

Academic Research

Related publications: Brotogeris sanctithomae

Species Profile

Genus: Brotogeris | Species: sanctithomae

Size:

17cm (6.6 in)

Weight:

58g (2 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: B.s. sanctithomae, B.s. takatsukasae

Colourization Adult:

B.s. sanctithomae: Both adults in general yellow/green; yellow forehead, lores and forecrown. Bill dark orange/brown. Eye ring bare and pale grey. Eye yellow.
B.s. takatsukasae: Both adults as in sanctithomae, but with yellow streak behind eye to ear coverts.

Colourization Juvenile:

B.s. sanctithomae: As in adults, but with darker brown bill. Eye dark grey.

Call:

Calls made in flight are rapid and repetitious screeking. Chatter of entire flock is reminiscent of Budgerigars.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
CITES
ML Media Collection Catalogue 34272, Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae, Parker, Theodore A., III, Loreto, Peru, Jan. 20 1985, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Tui Parakeet
© By Cláudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Tui Parakeet, along with other Brotogeris species, is an arboreal termitarium nester. This means it nests in termite mounds in trees.

Academic Research

Related publications: Brotogeris sanctithomae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Formerly common, now rare.

Longevity:

15yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetable such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide water bowls for bathing. Provide foraging/puzzle toys, bird-safe wooden and vegetable tanned leather toys, swings, ladders, ropes, unsprayed branches and perches, and heat sterilized pine cones.

Nest Box Size:

Tree stump or vertical box 8" x 8" x 24" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

Probably 24 days.

Fledging Age:

45 days

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Tui Parakeet
© By Cláudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Tui Parakeet, along with other Brotogeris species, is an arboreal termitarium nester. This means it nests in termite mounds in trees.

Academic Research

Related publications: Brotogeris sanctithomae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

No threats at present.

Range:

B.s. sanctithomae: Upper Amazon River at Rio Madeira, E Amazonas, N Brazil, west to SE Colombia, NE Peru, and NE Ecuador, and south along Rio Madeira and tributaries to N Bolivia, in Pando and N Beni and SE Peru.
B.s. takatsukasae: N Brazil, along lower Amazon River from Rio Madeira east on north bank to Amapa and on south bank to Rio Curua, E Para.

Habitat:

Found up to 300m (984 ft) in second growth, moist growth lowland tropical rainforest, varzea on banks of larger rivers and river islets, clearings near sources of water.

Wild Diet:

Diet largely unknown but some birds have been observed taking Erythrina blossoms.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social, gathering in small flocks or sometimes larger gatherings. Very large flocks seen at food and water sources. Flocks engage in swift, acrobatic flight with frequent changes in direction.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 eggs, 23.0 x 17.0mm (0.9 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

May-July

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Tui Parakeet
© By Cláudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Tui Parakeet, along with other Brotogeris species, is an arboreal termitarium nester. This means it nests in termite mounds in trees.

Academic Research

Related publications: Brotogeris sanctithomae

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