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Yellow-shouldered Amazon

 (Amazona barbadensis)

Also known as: Yellow-winged Amazon (Parrot), Yellow-shouldered Parrot

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Wild Yellow-shouldered Amazon
© Francisco Enchinas

Did You Know?

As juveniles the Yellow-shouldered Amazon may be kept in colonies, but must be separated into pairs once older due to their aggressiveness.

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Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona barbadensis

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: barbadensis

Size:

33cm (12.8 in)

Weight:

270g (9.4 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults: green body colour with fine black scalloping on feathers; white forehead, forecrown and lores; yellow hindcrown to area around eyes and upper cheeks; yellow thighs; bend of wing yellow; red wing speculum across feather bases of secondaries 1-4; green tail with orange/red hidden in feather bases. Bill horn coloured. Eye ring pale grey. Eye orange/red.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but usually duller in colour with less yellow on head; forehead white occasionally tinted with blue. Bill grey/white washed with dark grey. Eye brownish.

Call:

Calls loud and raucous; less musical than other Amazons.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

Echo Project
Research: Reproductive parameters and productivity of the Yellow-shouldered Parrot on Margarita Island, Venezuela: A long-term study

Content Sources:

Article "Yellow-shouldered Amazon," by Susan Clubb, DVM
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 109267, Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis, Eberhard, Jessica, Bonaire, Feb. 14 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Genus Amazona, Stoodley and Stoodley, 1990
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-shouldered Amazon
© Francisco Enchinas

Did You Know?

As juveniles the Yellow-shouldered Amazon may be kept in colonies, but must be separated into pairs once older due to their aggressiveness.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona barbadensis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare but increasing due to captive breeding successes.

Longevity:

Probably up to 50-60yrs.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft) or aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box

Clutch Size:

2-3

Incubation Time:

About 26 days.

Fledging Age:

9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

10g (0.35 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-shouldered Amazon
© Francisco Enchinas

Did You Know?

As juveniles the Yellow-shouldered Amazon may be kept in colonies, but must be separated into pairs once older due to their aggressiveness.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona barbadensis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

2500-10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Loss of habitat due to tourism; is widely exploited for wild bird trade; in some areas is hunted for destroying crops.

Range:

Restricted to small coastal area in Venezuela and the islands of Blanquilla, Margarita and Bonaire. Introduced to Curacao, Netherlands Antilles.

Habitat:

Occurs in areas with cacti and thorny bush and trees; also reported around cultivated areas and around mangroves. Found up to 450m (1476 ft) on Margarita, maybe higher on the mainland.

Wild Diet:

Fruits of several trees/bushes, seeds, nectar rich blossoms, cactus tops, and cactus fruit. Also sometimes take crops, such as avocado, mango and maize.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in pairs, families; also larger flocks of up to 100. Roost communally in tall trees or rock outcroppings.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2-3 ovate eggs, 36.5 x 26.0mm (1.4 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

March-September, sometimes October on Bonaire.

Related Links:

Arkive
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-shouldered Amazon
© Francisco Enchinas

Did You Know?

As juveniles the Yellow-shouldered Amazon may be kept in colonies, but must be separated into pairs once older due to their aggressiveness.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona barbadensis

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