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Blue-fronted Amazon  

Also Known As: Turquoise-fronted Amazon, Yellow-winged Parrot (A.a. xanthopteryx)

Blue-fronted Amazon perched

Credit: © Luiz Claudio Marigo |

Did You Know?
Since 1981, 413,505 wild Blue-fronted Amazons have been traded on international market.

Species Profile


Size: Adult Weight:
35-37 cm (13.6-14.4 in) 375-450g (13.1-15.75 oz)(aestiva); 400-500g (14-17.5 oz) (xanthopteryx)

Races including nominate:
two: A.a. aestiva, A.a. xanthopteryx

Colourization Adult:
A.a. aestiva: male-body green, feathers edged soft black; forehead and lores blue; forecrown yellow with or without white; area behind crown, ear coverts to area around eyes, forecheeks and throat yellow; bend of wing red; secondary feathers 1-5 having bases red, the remainder green; tail green with red at base. Bill slate grey. Narrow eye ring white, eye orange, sometimes red. Female-less yellow on face. A.a. xanthopteryx: both adults as in aestiva, yellow bend of wing and lesser wing coverts; more yellow on head.

Colourization Juvenile: Immature as in adult but head colour less extensive (some birds with entirely green head) and duller, also less red on wing. Eye dark brown.

Call: Wide repertoire of whistles, shrieks, yapping help notes; captive birds excellent mimics of human and other sounds.

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Recent Academic Research: Google Scholar - search results


Content Sources:


BirdLife International

Internet Bird Collection

ML Media Collection Catalogue 103200, Blue-fronted Parrot Amazona aestiva, Medler, Matthew, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Jun. 6 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977, 1989.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, Jan. 1988.