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The Brown-throated Conure usually nests in a arboreal termitarium (termite mound in a tree) but will also use rock crevices and burrows in banks.
Races including nominate:
|25cm (9.75 in)
||76-102g (2.7-3.6 oz)
fourteen: A.p. pertinax, A.p. xanthogenia, A.p. arubensis, A.p. aeruginosa, A.p. griseipecta, A.p. lehmanni, A.p. tortugensis, A.p. margaritensis, A.p. venezuelae, A.p. chrysophrys, A.p. surinama, A.p. chrysogenys, A.p. paraensis, A.p. ocularis
Colourization Adult: A.p. pertinax:
both adults in general green but with paler green/yellow on underparts; orange/yellow on forehead, lores and sides of head; pale olive/brown throat and upper breast; centre of abdomen sprinkled with differing orange markings; outer webs of primary feathers green, turning to dull blue at tips; green tail with blue/green tip. Bill grey/black. Eye ring thin, bare and off-white. Eye yellow.
both adults as in pertinax,
but orange/yellow of head brighter and reaching to crown.
both adults orange/yellow of head restricted to eye area; pale yellow forehead; dull green/blue crown; mix of orange/yellow and brown on lores, cheeks and sides of head; brown ear coverts with yellow shafts of feathers; yellow/brown throat and upper breast.
both adults as in arubensis
but yellow/buff of forehead absent or minimal; orange/yellow confined to line around eye.
both adults as in aeruginosa
but with olive/grey cheeks, throat and upper breast; orange/yellow around eye absent; yellow shafts of feathers on cheeks and ear coverts absent; green crown with little blue; orange wash on lower underparts absent.
both adults as in aeruginosa,
but orange/yellow around eye more extensive; green/blue confined to forecrown.
both adults as in aeruginosa,
but with more orange/yellow on sides of head; more yellow underwing coverts; larger in size.
both adults whitish forehead; dull green/blue forecrown; pale olive throat and upper breast; darker lower underparts, with less yellow/green and minimal orange on abdomen.
both adults as in margaritensis
but with paler green, more yellow upperparts; white band on forehead absent; paler lower underparts with more yellow/green and orange wash across abdomen.
both adults as in venezuelae,
but with darker green underparts; darker brown lores, cheeks and ear coverts with yellow shafts to feathers; darker brown throat; pale brown/yellow forehead.
both adults as in chrysophrys
but orange/yellow of head reaching from below eye to cheeks and base of lower mandible; frontal band orange/yellow and narrow.
both adults in general darker than other subspecies; frontal band absent; dark green/blue crown; dark blue outer webs of flight feathers; dark brown throat, breast and sides of head; dark orange tint on centre of abdomen.
both adults blue/green forehead and crown; dark green upperparts; dark blue outer webs of primary and secondary feathers; dark orange/yellow lower underparts with brown and green marks on upper abdomen; green flanks, thighs and undertail coverts; dull green/yellow undertail. Eye red.
both adults green crown and forehead; area above and below eye orange/yellow; buff/brown sides of head, darker on ear coverts and lores; orange/brown upper breast and throat.
Colourization Juvenile: A.p. pertinax:
as in adults but with brownish cheeks, with orange feathers occasionally; brown forehead tinted with green; greenish tint to throat and upper breast. Upper mandible pale horn in colour. Eye grey.
in general duller than adults; orange/yellow on face and forehead paler and less far-reaching.
orange/yellow in front of and below eye absent; more greenish throat and foreneck, rather than brown.
Very noisy and raucous; calls continuously while in flight, rapid, staccato notes. When perched a two-syllable cheer-cheedit, the second note being drawn out. Also chattering while at rest. Listen now
Recent Academic Research: Google Scholar - search results
Southeast Texas Avian Rescue http://www.starescue.org/htm/species/conure-brown-throated.htm
Lexicon of Parrots http://www.arndt-verlag.com/projekt/birds_3.cgi?Desc=E239.htm&Pic=239_1.JPG
BirdLife International http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=1579&m=0
Internet Bird Collection http://ibc.lynxeds.com/
ML Media Collection Catalogue 117027, Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax, Marantz, Curtis, Amazonas, Brazil, Nov. 15 1996, Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.