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Cuban Amazon  

Also Known As: White-headed Amazon Parrot, Caribbean Amazon Parrot, Cuban Parrot (all races but often specifically nominate); Bahamas (Amazon) Parrot (A. l. bahamensis); Grand Cayman (Amazon) Parrot (A.l. caymanensis); Cayman Brac (Amazon) Parrot (A.l. hesterna); Western Cuban (Amazon) Parrot (A.l. palmarum)

A Cuban (Bahama) Parrot pair resting in a pine tree after foraging on Metopium.

Credit: © Mark Stafford |

Did You Know?
Some of the calls of the Cuban Amazon sound like the braying of a donkey.

Species Profile


Size: Adult Weight:
32 cm (12.5in) 240-262g (8.4-9.1 oz)

Races including nominate:
five: A.l. leucocephala, A.l. palmarum, A.l. caymanesis, A.l. hesterna, A.l. bahamensis

Colourization Adult:
A.l. leucocephala: both adults green with black scalloping to feathers; forehead, forecrown, and area around eyes white; pink/red lores, cheeks and throat; ear coverts dull black; abdominal patch maroon; tail green with red at base. Bill horn colouration. Eye ring white, eye olive/green. A.l. palmarum: both adults darker green, abdominal patch more extensive; deeper red to throat. A.l. caymanensis: both adults more yellow/green, with less evident scalloping to feathers; breast and rump tinged with blue; white on head confined to forehead area; green on sides of neck separates red of throat from the cheek area; less extensive abdominal patch; larger in size. A.l. hesterna: both adults more yellow/green; more evident maroon abdominal patch; cheeks and throat deeper in colour; smaller in size. A.l. bahamensis: both adults as in leucocephala, but abdominal patch small or missing; white on crown extends back further, reaching below eyes to lores and upper cheeks; less red at base of tail; larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile: As in adult but with less black edges to body feathers, white of forecrown washed with yellow and less maroon on belly.

Call: Wide variety of loud shrieks, whistles, screeches, some trumpet like. Some notes drawn out and resonant.

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Recent Academic Research: Google Scholar - search results


Content Sources:

Article "Cuban Amazons," by Susan Clubb, DVM


BirdLife International

Internet Bird Collection

ML Media Collection Catalogue 112181, Cuban Parrot Amazona leucocephala, Budney, Gregory, Holguin, Cuba, Feb. 15 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.

Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.