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Grey Parrot  

Also Known As: African Grey Parrot

African Grey Parrot

Credit: © Tom Royal IV | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?
Alex the famous African Grey could label seven colours, learned some of the alphabet and could count up to six. He also began learning to identify objects from photographs.

Species Profile


Size: Adult Weight:
Erithacus, 33cm (12.8 in); timneh, 30cm (11.7 in). Erithacus 400g (14 oz); timneh 320g (11.2 oz)

Races including nominate:
two: P.e. erithacus, P.e. timneh

Colourization Adult:
P.e. erithacus: both adults grey in colour with grey/white scalloping to feathers; flight feathers darker grey; red tail and lower undertail coverts. Bill black. Eye grey. P.e. timneh: both adults dark grey in colour, paler on rump and abdomen; dark grey lower undertail coverts tinged with dark red; dark burgundy tail, the feathers edged with brown. Upper mandible dark red tipped with black, lower mandible black; smaller in size.

Colourization Juvenile: As in adults but with grey tinged lower undertail coverts; tail tipped with red. Eye dark grey to black.

Call: Variety of whistles, squawks, shrieks, and screams given at rest and in flight; mimics other birds, and mammals.

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Recent Academic Research: Google Scholar - search results


Content Sources:

The Alex Foundation


BirdLife International

Internet Bird Collection

Macaulay Library, ML Media Collection Catalogue 1223, Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus),Kaestner, Peter, DR Congo Orientale, Dec. 4, 1977, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.

Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.