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Scarlet Macaw  

Also Known As: Red-blue-and-yellow Macaw, Red-and-yellow Macaw, Red-breasted Macaw

Scarlet Macaw preening

Credit: © Julie Fine | License: ShutterStock

Did You Know?
The first recorded captive breeding of a Scarlet Macaw took place in 1916 in California.

Species Profile


Size: Adult Weight:
85cm (33.1 in) 1060-1123g (37.1-39.3 oz)

Races including nominate:
two: A. m. cyanoptera, A. m. macao

Colourization Adult:
A.m. macao: both adults in general red with blue lower back to tail coverts; yellow median and secondary wing coverts, sometimes tipped with green; red tail tipped with blue. Bill horn coloured on upper mandible with black on sides at base, lower grey/black. Cere bare, face white with thin feathered red stripes. Eye yellow. A.m. cyanoptera: both adults as in macao but median and secondary wing coverts tipped with blue; larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile: Immature as in adult but with shorter tail and grey eye. Bill paler grey on lower mandible.

Call: Harsh, loud screeching calls; call more drawn out than that of Blue-and-yellow Macaw. Include a variety of screeches, gutteral squawks and growls.

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Recent Academic Research: Google Scholar - search results


Content Sources:

Article "Pet Macaws," by Joanne Abramson

Animal World


BirdLife International

Internet Bird Collection

ML Media Collection Catalogue 13663, Scarlet Macaw Ara macao, Parker, Theodore A., III, Madre de Dios, Peru, Jul. 24 1979, Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.

Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.

Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.