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Eclectus Parrot  (Eclectus roratus)

Also Known As: Kalanga, Grand Eclectus Parrot, King Parrot, Red-sided Eclectus Parrot (E.r. polychloros)
 
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Eclectus parrot male (Eclectus roratus) foraging

Credit: © Jonker/Innemee Araproject | http://www.araproject.nl

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Did You Know?
With the Eclectus Parrot, sexual dimorphism (differences between male and female) are more marked and striking than in any other parrot: males are generally green in colour; females red.

Status in the Wild
World Population:
Above 300,000

Range:
E.r. roratus: Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku and Saparua, S Moluccas.
E.r. vosmaeri: Morotai, Loleda, Besar, Dagasuli, Halmahera, Damar, Ternate, Mare, Kayoa, Bacan and Obi, N Moluccas.
E.r. westermanni: unknown; birds described are of captive origin.
E.r. cornelia: Sumba, Lesser Sunda Islands.
E.r. riedeli: Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia.
E.r. polychloros: Kai and W Papuan Islands, Indonesia, east through New Guinea; Boigu, Dauan and Saibai Islands, northern Torres Strait Islands, Australia, to Trobriand Islands and D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagos, E Papua New Guinea.
E.r. biaki: Biak Island, in Geelvink Bay, Irian Jaya.
E.r. aruensis: Aru Islands, Indonesia.
E.r. macgillivrayi: E Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, N Australia, from Pascoe River south to Massy Creek and McIllwraith Range.
E.r. solomonensis: Admiralty Islands and Bismarck Archipelago to Buka and Bougainville Islands, E Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands.


Habitat:
Found in wide range of habitats from forest to secondary growth forest, savanna, mangrove, coconut plantations and eucalyptus woodland, up to 1900m (6232 ft). Commonest in lowland forest, coastal areas and around cultivation.

Threat Summary:
Local trapping has caused the extinction of this species on Ambon, Saparua and Haruku. Sumba population endangered.

IUCN Rating:
Least Concern, macgillvivrayi near-threatened.

Wild Diet:
Consists of fruits, berries, nuts, seeds of eucalypts and acacias in particular; nectar, leaf buds and blossoms.

CITES Rating:
Appendix II

Ecology:
Birds are found singly, in pairs or small groups. Often found soaring high above the forest calling loudly. Wary; foraging groups found in treetops. Mostly active at dawn and dusk traveling to and from roosting areas where up to 80 birds will settle in for rest.

Clutch and Egg Size:
2, broad, ovate shaped, 40.0 x 31.0 mm (1.5 x 1.2 in).

Breeding Season:
Any time of year in Papua New Guinea; Australia, July-February; Buru, November; Seram, August; Solomons, July-September.

More Info Sites:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclectus_Parrot

http://www.oiseaux.net/birds/distribution/eclectus.parrot.html

http://www.avianweb.com/eclectus.htm

http://www.derm.qld.gov.au/wildlife-ecosystems/wildlife/threatened_plants_and_animals/vulnerable/eclectus_parrot.html