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Golden Conure

 (Guaruba guarouba)

Also known as: Queen of Bavaria Conure, Golden Parakeet

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Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

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Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Profile

Genus: Guaruba | Species: guarouba

Size:

34 cm (13.3 in)

Weight:

270g (9.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults plumage bright yellow, primary, secondary and outer upper wing coverts dark green; yellow tail. Bill horn in colour. Bare, pink/white eye ring, eye brown.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with dark green on cheeks and ear coverts; yellow crown, nape and upperparts, marked with dark green; underparts yellow; breast lightly marked with dull green; uppertail dark green marked yellow. Bill pink. Pale grey, bare eye ring.

Call:

Vibrant, high pitched note given singly or as many as 3-4 per second; during courtship a long strident note.  Voice in general softer than Aratinga conures.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Arkive
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Busch Gardens/Sea World Adventure Camps
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 113073, Golden Parakeet Guaruba guarouba, Marantz, Curtis, Para, Brazil, Sep. 9 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

15-30 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn, sunflower seed - dry, soaked or sprouted, fruit such as: apple, orange, bananas, pomegranate, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; complete kibble; spray millet.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys; bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, elder, pine or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm) box, or 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

7-11g (0.2-0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

154-300g (5.4-10.5 oz)

Weaning Weight:

196-235g (6.9-8.2 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000-20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss and fragmentation, which is projected to increase. Populations have also been affected by trapping, persecution and hunting.

Range:

N Brazil, where scattered populations are found south from the Amazon river to between the Rio Tapajós, western Pará and Rio Turiacu, western Maranhāo and the upper Rio Madeira and tributaries. Also northern Rondônia and NW Mato Grosso.

Habitat:

Seen in humid lowland rainforest up to 500m (1640 ft), with occasional forays into varzéa forest. Also frequents grasslands with scattered trees.

Wild Diet:

Birds feed on fruits, seeds, nuts, berries, buds and flowers. Bertholletia excela, Oenocarpus sp. palms, Symphonia sp. buds, Anacardium spp., Protium and Tetragastris spp. are some of the plants recorded as food sources.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Is somewhat nomadic; will wander into different habitats post-breeding. Gregarious at all times of year, roosting and foraging in groups of 3-30 birds. Feeds quietly, mostly unseen, in the dense foliage of the canopy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, round to oval shaped, 34 x 29 mm (1.3 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeds during wet season - November to February. Likely breeds communally with several females contributing to one large clutch with multiple attendants; single pairs nests also reported.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

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