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Orange-fronted Conure

 (Eupsittula canicularis)

Also known as: Orange-fronted Parakeet, Petz's Conure, Half-moon Conure

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Orange-fronted Conure
© Charlene Wood, via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Orange-fronted or Half-moon Conure is an arboreal termitarium breeder, meaning that it nests in termite mounds found up in trees. This species will also nest in abandoned woodpecker holes.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula canicularis

Species Profile

Genus: Eupsittula | Species: canicularis

Size:

24cm (9.4 in)

Weight:

70-75g (2.4-2.6 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: E.c. canicularis, E.c. eburnirostrum, E.c. clarae

Colourization Adult:

E.c. canicularis: Both adults wide orange frontal band reaching down to lores; dull blue forecrown; pale olive throat and breast. Bill horn colour. Eye ring bare and dull orange/yellow. Eye yellow.
E.c. eburnirostrum: Both adults as in canicularis, but frontal band thinner; brown spot on each side of base of lower mandible.
E.c. clarae: Both adults as in eburnirostrum, but frontal band not as extensive; dark grey at base of lower mandible.

Colourization Juvenile:

E.c. canicularis: As in adults, but frontal band narrower. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight raucous and screeching. Some notes rapidly repeated. Perched birds emit piping whistles and chirruping, and quiet chatter while feeding.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Conure.org - Orange-fronted Conure

Research: Responses to playback of local vs. distant contact calls in the Orange-fronted Conure

Content Sources:

Internet Bird Collection
CITES
BirdLife International
ML Media Collection Catalogue 165055, Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis, Ross, David L., Jr., Guanacaste, Costa Rica, Apr. 13 1996, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Orange-fronted Conure
© Charlene Wood, via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Orange-fronted or Half-moon Conure is an arboreal termitarium breeder, meaning that it nests in termite mounds found up in trees. This species will also nest in abandoned woodpecker holes.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula canicularis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Once were common, now less so.

Longevity:

Up to 30 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranates, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh corn; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; soaked and sprouted sunflower seeds; cooked beans and pulses; and boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Socialization, bathing. Provide puzzle toys, foraging toys, unsprayed branches such as fir, willow, elder and pine, bird-safe wood toys, chewable vegetable tanned leather toys, ladders, swings.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 13" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 33cm).

Clutch Size:

3-5

Incubation Time:

23-24 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Orange-fronted Conure
© Charlene Wood, via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Orange-fronted or Half-moon Conure is an arboreal termitarium breeder, meaning that it nests in termite mounds found up in trees. This species will also nest in abandoned woodpecker holes.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula canicularis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

>500,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Trapping for wild bird trade and loss of habitat.

Range:

E.c. canicularis: Pacific slope of Central America from Chiapas, S Mexico to Honduras and W Costa Rica.
E.c. eburnirostrum: SW Mexico, from eastern Michoacan south to Oaxaca.
E.c. clarae: W Mexico, from Sinaloa south to Colima.

Habitat:

Found up to 1500m (4920 ft) in lightly wooded country or open areas with scattered trees, arid or semi-arid lowlands, including thorn forest and tropical woodland.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, fruits and flowers. May take maize and banana.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Forms flocks of 50 or more after breeding season. Established pairs are easily identifiable within these flocks. Birds adapt readily to partially cleared habitats. Communal roosts are with White-fronted Amazons (Amazona albifrons) in some areas.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-5 rounded eggs, 22.5 x 19.5mm (0.8 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

March-May, Oaxaca; January-May, El Salvador; dry season, Costa Rica.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Orange-fronted Conure
© Charlene Wood, via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Orange-fronted or Half-moon Conure is an arboreal termitarium breeder, meaning that it nests in termite mounds found up in trees. This species will also nest in abandoned woodpecker holes.

Academic Research

Related publications: Eupsittula canicularis

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