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Red-and-green Macaw

 (Ara chloropterus)

Also known as: Green-winged Macaw, Red-and-blue Macaw, Red-blue-and-green Macaw

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-and-green Macaws at clay lick
© Manfred Kusch

Did You Know?

The Green-winged Macaw is a darker shade of red than the Scarlet Macaw and has a shorter tail.

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara chloropterus

Species Profile

Genus: Ara | Species: chloropterus

Size:

90 cm (35 in)

Weight:

1050-1320g (36.75-46.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults dark red in general; green middle wing coverts, scapulars and tertiary feathers; back, rump and tail coverts blue; blue tail with red tips. Upper mandible horn in colour with black on sides; lower bill grey/black. Cere bare and face white with evident red lines of feathers. Eye yellow.

Colourization Juvenile:

Immature as in adult but with shorter tail. Lower mandible grey with white at base. Eye grey.

Call:

Strong voice but usually less harsh than Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao).  Some calls low and strident; in flight prolonged.  Other calls include yelping and cawing, or shrieking.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 131032, Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera, Robbins, Mark, Guyana, Aug. 25 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-and-green Macaws at clay lick
© Manfred Kusch

Did You Know?

The Green-winged Macaw is a darker shade of red than the Scarlet Macaw and has a shorter tail.

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara chloropterus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Widespread in captivity.

Longevity:

60 yrs

Housing:

Should have access to a large enclosure, 15m (49 ft) long in which to fly for part of the year.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; walnuts, peanuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; corn on the cob, banana, orange; slices of wholemeal bread, cubes of cheese. Complete kibble for Macaws.

Enrichment:

Large macaw toys, chewables (fir branches, heat sterilized pine cones, bird-safe, unsprayed wood), large perches, swings, ladders; regular bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Horizontal box, 16" x 16' x 48" (40.6cm x 40.6cm x 122cm) or 35 gallon pickle barrel; whiskey barrel.

Clutch Size:

2 to 3

Incubation Time:

27 days

Fledging Age:

Around 100 days.

Hatch Weight:

21g (0.7 oz)

Peak Weight:

1168-1376g (41-48 oz)

Weaning Weight:

910-1036g (32-36.3 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-and-green Macaws at clay lick
© Manfred Kusch

Did You Know?

The Green-winged Macaw is a darker shade of red than the Scarlet Macaw and has a shorter tail.

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara chloropterus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Loss of habitat, hunting, unsustainable trapping for trade.

Range:

E Panama and South America south to N Argentina. Formerly west to Caribbean slope; tropical zone of Colombia; lowland Venezuela; interior of Guianas; throughout Amazon basin of Brazil, eastern Ecuador, Peru and NE Bolivia. In Brazil, Mato Grosso and western Sao Paulo. Northern and eastern areas of Paraguay.

Habitat:

Found in rainforest in north of range; in south more in drier, more open areas including floodplain forest, upland forest and dry woodland. Needs large trees for nesting. Found up to 1000m (3280 ft) in Panama, 500m (1640 ft) in Colombia, 1400m (4592 ft) in Venezuela.

Wild Diet:

Includes fruits and seeds of various plants and trees.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Forages for food in canopy. Nests in large tree cavities but also crevices in cliff faces. Generally in pairs or small flocks; less inclined to large congregations like Scarlet Macaw, but will associate with this and Blue-and-gold Macaw.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 3 elliptical eggs, 50 x 35 mm (2 x 1.4 in).

Breeding Season:

November-April in Peru; January in C Brazil; December Surinam.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-and-green Macaws at clay lick
© Manfred Kusch

Did You Know?

The Green-winged Macaw is a darker shade of red than the Scarlet Macaw and has a shorter tail.

Academic Research

Related publications: Ara chloropterus

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