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Sulphur-winged Conure

 (Pyrrhura hoffmanni)

Also known as: Sulphur-winged Parakeet, Hoffmann's Conure or Parakeet

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Wild Sulphur-winged Conure
© Corey Raffel

Did You Know?

The Sulphur-winged Conure is the only Pyrrhura conure with yellow on its primary feathers. It is also the only member of its genus in its range.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: hoffmanni

Size:

24cm (9.3 in)

Weight:

84g (3 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.h. hoffmanni, P.h. gaudens

Colour Adult:

P.h. hoffmanni: Both adults have variable plumage; shafts of feathers of head and throat streaked and tipped with yellow; dark red ear coverts; yellow inner primary feathers and outer secondary feathers, becoming green at tips; red/olive uppertail margined with green. Bill horn in colour. Eye ring bare and white. Eye brown.
P.h. gaudens: Both adults shafts of crown feathers and occiput streaked green/yellow to orange/red and lightly tipped with dull red.

Colour Juvenile:

P.h. hoffmanni: In general duller than adults; minimal yellow streaking to shafts of feathers on head and throat; minimal yellow on primary and secondary feathers.
P.h. gaudens: As in hoffmanni; streaking of shafts of head and throat absent.

Call:

Calls made in flight are high-pitched and piping; while perched are penetrating and somewhat harsh.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 28283, Sulphur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni, van den Berg, Arnoud, Chiriqui, Panama, Apr. 22 1981, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Sulphur-winged Conure
© Corey Raffel

Did You Know?

The Sulphur-winged Conure is the only Pyrrhura conure with yellow on its primary feathers. It is also the only member of its genus in its range.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Enclosure 3 x 1 x 2m (9.8 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft); minimum temperature 10C (50 F).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, banana, cactus fruits, orange, pomegranate, papaya, mango; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, kale, dandelion, lettuce, chickweed; berries such as: mountain ash, pyracantha, elder; seed mix such as: canary, millet, safflower, oats, buckwheat and a little hemp; some sunflower sprouted or dry; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Vigorous chewer so provide fresh, unsprayed branches of fir, pine, elder or willow regularly; wooden block and vegetable tanned leather toys, heat sterilized pine cones. Enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 20cm x 20cm x 80cm (8 x 8 x 32 in).

Clutch Size:

6

Incubation Time:

Probably 23 days.

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Sulphur-winged Conure
© Corey Raffel

Did You Know?

The Sulphur-winged Conure is the only Pyrrhura conure with yellow on its primary feathers. It is also the only member of its genus in its range.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

None at present.

Range:

P.h. hoffmanni: S Costa Rica, mainly in Cordillera de Talamanca and nearby ranges, and reaching Caribbean approaches to Cordillera Central.
P.h. gaudens: W Panama, in W Chiriqui and nearby Bocas del Toro to Santa Fe region, NW Veraguas.

Habitat:

Found from 1300-3000m (4264-9840 ft) in mountainous areas, preferring montane forests in subtropical zone. Also seen in logged forest, second growth and partly cleared areas, shrubbery and treed pastures.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits of Ficus, Croton, Leandra, Myrtis and Miconia plants.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in pairs or more often groups of 5-15 birds. May make daily movements down the mountains in response to food availability, returning to higher ground to roost. Feeds in the canopy or in smaller trees and shrubs near the forest edge.

Clutch and Egg Size:

6 eggs

Breeding Season:

January-June

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Sulphur-winged Conure
© Corey Raffel

Did You Know?

The Sulphur-winged Conure is the only Pyrrhura conure with yellow on its primary feathers. It is also the only member of its genus in its range.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura hoffmanni

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