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Black-winged Parrot

 (Hapalopsittaca melanotis)

Also known as: Black-eared Parrot, Peruvian Black-winged Parrot (H.m. peruviana)

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Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Profile

Genus: Hapalopsittaca | Species: melanotis

Size:

24cm (9.4 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

two: H.m. melanotis, H.m. peruviana

Colourization Adult:

H.m. melanotis: Both adults mostly green; blue lores and frontal band; blue wash on crown and neck, with blue collar on area of neck; black ear coverts; black upper wing coverts and outermost secondaries; black inner secondaries edged with green on outer webs; green tail tipped with purple/blue. Bill blue/grey with horn coloured tip. Eye brown.
H.m. peruviana: Both adults brown/orange ear coverts; blue wash on foreneck restricted to thin band on throat.

Colourization Juvenile:

H.m. melanotis: Black upper wing coverts, widely edged with green.

Call:

Calls made in flight are rapid and repetitious notes.

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More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
CITES
ML Media Collection Catalogue 50609 Black-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca melanotis), Coopmans, Paul, Cochabamba, Bolivia, May 17 1989, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 issue

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare in aviculture.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Indoor aviary 3 x 2 x 2m (9.8 x 6.5 x 6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, banana, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, zucchini, green beans and peas in the pod; maize; seed mix such as: millet, canary, safflower, oats, small amount of hemp and sunflower; soaked or sprouted seed; fresh branches with buds; vitamin and mineral supplements, particularly C; complete kibble if taken.

Enrichment:

Provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches of fir, pine, willow or elder for chewing; heat sterilized pine cones; wooden block toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 24" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

Not available

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

No threats at present.

Range:

H.m. melanotis: C-W Bolivia.
H.m. peruviana: C and S Peru.

Habitat:

Found up to 1500-3500m (4920-11,480 ft) in humid montane forest in the upper subtropical and temperate zones, in tall forest and into boggy elfin growth, where there are fruiting trees.

Wild Diet:

Eats fruits, mistletoe berries, seeds and flowers.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social, seen in pairs or small groups; occasionally in large flocks. Some seasonal movements in response to abundance of food. Keeps mainly to upper stages of canopy where difficult to detect amongst foliage.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not available

Breeding Season:

Not available

Related Links:

Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Black-winged Parrot
© By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs

Did You Know?

The members of the Hapalopsittaca genus, or group, of parrots are some of the least known parrots in zoology.

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca melanotis

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