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Brown-headed Parrot

 (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)

Also known as: Concealed-yellow Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-headed Parrot
© Bernard Dupont | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

'Cryptoxanthus' means 'concealed yellow' which in the case of the Brown-headed Parrot refers to the yellow on its underwing coverts.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

Species Profile

Genus: Poicephalus | Species: cryptoxanthus

Size:

22 cm (8.6 in)

Weight:

120-156g (4.2-5.4 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.c. Crytoxanthus, P.c. tanganyikae

Colour Adult:

P.c. cryptoxanthus: Both adults small, mainly green parrots with grey/brown head; bright yellow underwings. Blue/grey upper mandible, tan lower. Bare cere and eye ring dark brown/grey. Eye yellow.
P.c. tanganyikae: As in cryptoxanthus but paler; more green and less brown. Mantle greener and underparts brighter.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but duller with brown eye.

Call:

Flight call loud strident notes rising in pitch with each following note.  Also high pitched staccato notes.  Feeding accompanied by soft chattering.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Arkive
AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 135979, Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus, Macaulay, Linda, Tanzania, Oct. 6 2002, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-headed Parrot
© Bernard Dupont | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

'Cryptoxanthus' means 'concealed yellow' which in the case of the Brown-headed Parrot refers to the yellow on its underwing coverts.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

20-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviariy, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft), or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn; sunflower, dry, soaked or sprouted; fruit, especially apple, orange, banana, rearing food made from: hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; fresh vegetables, complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir, pine, elder or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

11 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5.5-6g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

About 125-150g (4.3-5.25 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-headed Parrot
© Bernard Dupont | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

'Cryptoxanthus' means 'concealed yellow' which in the case of the Brown-headed Parrot refers to the yellow on its underwing coverts.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Common in areas where it can exploit fruit and grain crops (South Africa); rapid decline in other areas - becoming vulnerable to habitat decline; trapping for wild bird trade becoming a concern in Mozambique.

Range:

P.c. cryptoxanthus: E Kwazulu, E Swaziland and E Transvaal, NE Republic of South Africa, to S Mozambique and SE Zimbabwe.
P.c. tanganyikae: Mozambique, north from Save River and S Malawi to E Tanzania including Zanzibar and Pemba Islands and coastal Kenya.

Habitat:

Occurs in almost any woodland and riparian forest within the forest savanna and dry woodlands. Also coconut plantations. Below 1200m (3936 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats figs, berries, seeds, coconut palm flowers, young tree shoots, fruits, pods, unripe seeds and Aloe nectar; also millet and maize from cultivated areas.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Slow foraging, drinks around midday. Nests in tree cavity. Gregarious, recorded in flocks of up to 50 birds.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, rounded, 27.0 x 23.0 mm (1 x 0.9 in)

Breeding Season:

April-October

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-headed Parrot
© Bernard Dupont | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

'Cryptoxanthus' means 'concealed yellow' which in the case of the Brown-headed Parrot refers to the yellow on its underwing coverts.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

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