Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Carolina Parakeet

 (Conuropsis carolinensis)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© James St. John via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Profile

Genus: Conuropsis | Species: carolinensis

Size:

30cm (12 in)

Weight:

Females approximately 100g (3.5 oz); males were larger.

Races including nominate:

two: C. c. carolinensis, C.c. ludovicianus

Colour Adult:

Both adults mainly green/yellow in colour; yellow head; red/orange on lores, forehead and cheeks; yellow/orange carpal edges and thighs. Eye ring bare and white. Eye dark brown. Carolinensis smaller; ludovicianus paler in general.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with mainly green head, with less extensive orange/red on forehead and cheeks; carpal edges and thighs green.

Call:

Calls were described as being loud and raucous while birds in flight; low continuous chatter while a group was feeding.

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
Audubon: The Last Carolina Parakeet
Research: Phylogenic relationships of the extinct Carolina Parakeet

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
The Carolina Parakeet: Glimpses of a Vanished Bird, Snyder, 2004.
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© James St. John via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not found in captivity. The last known captive bird died in Cincinnati Zoo in 1918.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Not recorded.

Diet:

Not recorded.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

21-23 days (Snyder, 2004)

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© James St. John via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

None

IUCN Red List Status:

Extinct

CITES Listing:

Not listed.

Threat Summary:

The main causes for the demise of this species were seen to include shooting, either by farmers or for sport, capture for the pet trade (mid- to late nineteenth century), some habitat destruction and loss of nesting sites, and disease possibly contracted from farm animals.

Range:

Formerly eastern United States, including the Mississippi Valley, New York state, West Virginia to E Colorado, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana and Florida. May have occurred as far north as S Ontario, Canada, or was possibly traded by indigenous tribes to and from the area.

Habitat:

Was found in regions of well-developed valley bottom forest, especially cypress swamps in the south and sycamore stands in the north. Regular visitors to farmland and other disturbed habitats.

Wild Diet:

Fed on cockleburs, sandspurs, fruits, both cultivated and wild; berries, corn, seeds, wild grapes, nuts, flowers, buds and possibly insects.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Were seen in large, boisterous flocks, flying about foraging by day. Were seen to return to communal roosts in tall trees at dusk. Were acrobatic in their feeding, clambering around tree branches with great agility. Were also tolerant of cold weather.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 nearly rounded eggs.

Breeding Season:

Females may have incubated eggs in groups. Seen entering and exiting nest holes from March to June.

Related Links:

Birds of North America Online - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
The Guardian - Extinct Carolina Parakeet gives glimpse into evolution of American parrots

Click photo to visit gallery

Carolina Parakeet specimen
© James St. John via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Snyder (2004) argues that the Carolina Parakeet may have lasted longer into the twentieth century than previously thought, and that this bird may have been distasteful to predators due to its frequent utilization of the cocklebur - a plant highly poisonous to many other animals.

Academic Research

Related publications: Conuropsis carolinensis

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts