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Golden-shouldered Parakeet

 (Psephotellus chrysopterygius)

Also known as: Golden-winged Parrot or Parakeet, Chestnut-crowned Parrot or Parakeet, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Golden-shouldered Parrot
© Michael Todd | www.wildlifing.com

Did You Know?

The nest hollow of the Golden-shouldered Parakeet is excavated in a termite mound still damp from the wet season.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus chrysopterygius

Species Profile

Genus: Psephotellus | Species: chrysopterygius

Size:

26cm (10.1 in)

Weight:

56g (2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-yellow frontal band; black crown merging into brown/black hindneck; turquoise face and underparts; abdomen to undertail coverts orange/red tipped with white; brown back and underparts; rump and upper tail coverts turquoise, middle wing coverts yellow; tail brown/green tipped blue/white. Bill grey/white. Eye brown.  Female-dull green; forehead pale yellow; crown and hindneck brown/green; rump and upper tail coverts pale turquoise; white abdomen to undertail coverts, feathers on centre of abdomen margined light red; yellow/white underwing mark.

Colour Juvenile:

As in female; male youngsters with brighter turquoise cheeks; underwing mark present.

Call:

Two note contact call, not as high-pitched as Hooded Parrot.  Whistle also described.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
Bush Heritage Australia
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Golden-shouldered Parrot
© Michael Todd | www.wildlifing.com

Did You Know?

The nest hollow of the Golden-shouldered Parakeet is excavated in a termite mound still damp from the wet season.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus chrysopterygius

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common in Australia; rare elsewhere.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Mixture of small seeds: canary, millet plus smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; limited sunflower; spray millet; green leaves, green peas, fresh corn, insectivorous foods; seeding grasses; rearing food (hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency); apple and other fruits if taken.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

6" (15cm) square, 10" (25.4cm) high, heated to 70F (21 C).

Clutch Size:

4 to 7

Incubation Time:

19-21 days

Fledging Age:

5 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Golden-shouldered Parrot
© Michael Todd | www.wildlifing.com

Did You Know?

The nest hollow of the Golden-shouldered Parakeet is excavated in a termite mound still damp from the wet season.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus chrysopterygius

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 2500

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Altered fire regimes have resulted in more woody plants that favour the predators of the parrot, such as the Pied Butcherbird (Cracticus nigrogularis). Local capture of nestlings for trade occurred from the 1950s to the 1970s.

Range:

NE Australia, with two isolated breeding populations existing on Cape York Peninsula, N Queensland.

Habitat:

Found in wet or dry grasslands and open woodland, where there are termite mounds, and areas with Eucalypt and Melaleuca trees. Post-breeding birds may venture into mangroves.

Wild Diet:

Mainly eats seeds of annual grasses such as Schyzachyrium and Alloteropsis. Also consumes Desmodium legumes.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Usually found singly, in pairs or family parties, gathering to feed in flocks of up to 30. Roost in foliage in hottest part of day. Pairs form lifetime bonds.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 to 7 rounded eggs, 21.5 x 18.5mm (0.8 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

April-August

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Queensland Dept of Environment and Heritage Protection
Article: Endangered Cape York alwal - Olkola struggle to rescue Golden-shouldered Parrots

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Golden-shouldered Parrot
© Michael Todd | www.wildlifing.com

Did You Know?

The nest hollow of the Golden-shouldered Parakeet is excavated in a termite mound still damp from the wet season.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus chrysopterygius

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