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Great-billed Parrot

 (Tanygnathus megalorynchos)

Also known as: Moluccan Parrot, Island Parrot, Large-billed Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Great-billed Parrot, Buru Island
© Mehd Halaouate

Did You Know?

The Great-billed Parrot prefers small islands and will travel widely between them.

Academic Research

Related publications: Tanygnathus megalorynchos

Species Profile

Genus: Tanygnathus | Species: megalorynchos

Size:

41cm (16 in)

Weight:

260g (9.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

eight: T.m. megalorynchos, T.m. affinis, T.m. subaffinis, T.m. hellmayri, T.m. viridipennis, T.m. sumbensis, T.m. floris, T.m. djampeae

Colourization Adult:

T.m.megalorynchos: Both adults mid to large sized green parrots with pale blue edging on mantle; pale blue back and rump; black scapulars and lesser wing coverts, margined with blue and green; black middle wing coverts margined with yellow. Red bill. White eye.
T.m. affinis: Both adults have duller green on heads, with brighter green on hindneck; green scapulars; bend of wing blue.
T.m. subaffinis: Both adults as in affinis but marginal blue on mantle; green rump with blue tinge.
T.m. hellmayri: Both adults as in affinis, but blue on mantle absent; green on bend of wing.
T.m. viridipennis: Both adults as in megalorynchos, but blue on primary feathers and coverts absent.
T.m. sumbensis: Both adults as in megalorynchos, but darker blue on rump.
T.m. floris: Both adults as in sumbensis but lighter green on crown and occiput; less blue on back and wings.
T.m. djampeae: Both adults as in floris but paler blue on rump.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but shoulders and lesser wing-coverts green.

Call:

Harsh notes given in flight or while perching; also series of one-note squawks at regular times.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
The Tanygnathus Society
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Great-billed Parrot, Buru Island
© Mehd Halaouate

Did You Know?

The Great-billed Parrot prefers small islands and will travel widely between them.

Academic Research

Related publications: Tanygnathus megalorynchos

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rarely kept

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Walk-in aviary or enclosure, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft).

Diet:

Mix of small seeds: canary, oats, safflower; spray millet; limited sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; sprouted mung or other beans, cooked butterbeans or lentils; boiled corn; fresh green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; fresh vegetables including carrot, celery, squash or zucchini, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh fruit including apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits and bananas; complete pellet, nuts such as walnuts or hazelnuts; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing, parrot play gyms, large parrot toys and safe chewables (fir, pine, sterilized pine cones).

Nest Box Size:

16"x 16" x 24" (40.6cm x 40.6cm x 61cm) box or 12" x 12" x 36" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 91.5cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

13.5g (0.5 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

The Tanygnathus Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Great-billed Parrot, Buru Island
© Mehd Halaouate

Did You Know?

The Great-billed Parrot prefers small islands and will travel widely between them.

Academic Research

Related publications: Tanygnathus megalorynchos

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

May be suffering from some local declines through trade and loss of habitat.

Range:

T.m. megalorynchos: Talaud and Sangihe Islands to small islands off western coast of Vogelkop Peninsula, Irian Jaya; introduced to S Philippines.
T.m. affinis: S Moluccas.
T.m. subaffinis: Tanimbar Islands, and Babar Island.
T.m. hellmayri: SW Timor, Semau and Roti Islands.
T.m. viridipennis: Kalaotoa and Madu Islands, south of Sulawesi.
T.m. sumbensis: Sumba, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.m. floris: Flores, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.m. djampeae: Tanahjampea and Kalao Islands, south of Sulawesi.

Habitat:

Found in coastal lowlands and adjacent foothills; occurs in primary and tall secondary forest, forest edges, closed woodlands and mangrove; will also visit coconut plantations. Up to 1000m (3280 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eat fruits, nuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Will congregate in groups of up to a dozen birds while feeding; call loudly while in flight. Communal roosting.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 broadly elliptical eggs, 39.0 x 28.5mm (1.5 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

August-December

Related Links:

Wikipedia
AvianWeb

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Great-billed Parrot, Buru Island
© Mehd Halaouate

Did You Know?

The Great-billed Parrot prefers small islands and will travel widely between them.

Academic Research

Related publications: Tanygnathus megalorynchos

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