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Green Conure

 (Psittacara holochlorus)

Also known as: Green Parakeet, Mexican Green Conure

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Wild Green Conures
© Vince Smith | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Green Conure has been reported nesting in a colony in a cave in E Mexico.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara holochlorus

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacara | Species: holochlorus

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

230g

Races including nominate:

three: P.h. holochlorus, P.h. brewsteri, P.h. strenuus

Colour Adult:

P.h. holochlorus: Both adults green in general; green/yellow on underparts; scattered red feathers on heads of some birds; blue tinge to primary coverts and outer webs of flight feathers; dull yellow/green underwing coverts; olive/yellow underside of flight feathers. Bill horn in colour. Eye ring bare and pink/grey. Eye orange/brown.
P.h. brewsteri: Both adults as in holochlora, but a darker green with less yellow; crown with blue wash.
P.h. strenuus: Both adults mostly green, yellowish on underparts; scattered orange/red feathers on throat and neck of some birds; blue tinge on primary coverts and outer webs of flight feathers; dull yellow/green underwing coverts; dull yellow undersides of flight feathers. Bill horn in colour. Eye ring bare and brown/grey. Eye orange.

Colour Juvenile:

P.h. holochlorus: As in adults but with brown eye.
P.h. strenuus: As in adults but with brown eye.

Call:

Calls made in flight are rolling, shrill and harsh; also deeper, stronger notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Internet Bird Collection
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green Conures
© Vince Smith | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Green Conure has been reported nesting in a colony in a cave in E Mexico.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara holochlorus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Probably up to 30 yrs.

Housing:

Enclosure or suspended aviary, minimum length 2-3m (6.5-9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, guava, mango, pomegranate, forming at least 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrots, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, kale, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize and complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Very vigorous chewer so provide plenty of bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, pine, willow or elder branches, wooden block or vegetable tanned leather toys, heat sterilized pine cones. Enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

Diagonal nest box 25cm x 40cm x 30cm (10 x 16 x 12 in).

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

24-25 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green Conures
© Vince Smith | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Green Conure has been reported nesting in a colony in a cave in E Mexico.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara holochlorus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 200,000, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

An overall decline has occurred due to destruction of forest for agriculture and local and international trade.

Range:

P.h. holochlorus: E Mexico, from E Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas to C Veracruz and from SE Veracruz and E Oaxaca to E Chiapas, with seasonal movements to Pacific slope on Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
P.h. brewsteri: Highlands of NW Mexico, in Sonora, N Sinaloa and SW Chihuahua.
P.h. strenuus: Pacific slope of Central America, from E Oaxaca, S Mexico to inland Guatemala and C Nicaragua.

Habitat:

Found up to 2500m (6560 ft) in various wooded habitats except tropical rainforest.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, nuts, berries and fruits, and often takes maize.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in large noisy flocks outside the breeding season, particularly where food abundant. Nest is usually located in tree cavity, rock crevice, hole in building or termite mound.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 eggs, 38.0 x 25.5mm (1.5 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

April, Tamaulipas, S Mexico; February-March, El Salvador; August, Guatamala.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Traditional use of limestone cave by nesting Green Parakeets
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green Conures
© Vince Smith | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Green Conure has been reported nesting in a colony in a cave in E Mexico.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara holochlorus

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