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Indigo-winged Parrot

 (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi)

Also known as: Fuertes's Parrot, Azure-winged Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Indigo-winged Parrot
© Jorge Velasquez

Did You Know?

The Fuertes parrot was only recently re-discovered after 90 yrs (it was thought to be extinct), with a very restricted range.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Species Profile

Genus: Hapalopsittaca | Species: fuertesi

Size:

23cm (8.9 in)

Weight:

126g (4.4oz)

Races including nominate:

One

Colour Adult:

Both adults: narrow dull red stripe across front; forehead, green/yellow lores and around eyes to ear coverts; chin and area in front of cheeks green; crown blue; various dull red feathers on abdomen; bend of wing to lesser wing coverts, carpal edge and lesser underwing coverts dark red; tail brown/red tipped with purple/blue.  Bill horn coloured with blue/grey at base of upper mandible. Eye green/yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with red frontal stripe absent; duller in colour; crown green slightly washed with pale blue; bend of wing to lesser wing coverts, carpal edge and lesser underwing coverts darker red. Eye grey.

Call:

Somewhat squeaky; reminiscent of shore and sea gulls.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
ML Media Catalogue 516556 Indigo-winged Parrot Hapalopsittaca fuertesi, Borgmann, Kathi, Risaralda, Colombia, Aug. 24, 2015, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Indigo-winged Parrot
© Jorge Velasquez

Did You Know?

The Fuertes parrot was only recently re-discovered after 90 yrs (it was thought to be extinct), with a very restricted range.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not seen in captivity.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Not recorded.

Diet:

Not available

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

2-3

Incubation Time:

Not recorded.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Indigo-winged Parrot
© Jorge Velasquez

Did You Know?

The Fuertes parrot was only recently re-discovered after 90 yrs (it was thought to be extinct), with a very restricted range.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 160

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Clearance of forest in the region was already extensive by 1911, with the result that there is almost none left.  Most mature trees have been selectively logged, creating a shortage of natural nesting sites.

Range:

In Cordillera Central, below Nevado de Santa Isabel, W Colombia.

Habitat:

Found in cloud forest rich in epiphytes and tree ferns from 2600-3800m (8528-12,464 ft).

Wild Diet:

Favours fruits of Antidaphne viscoidea.

Ecology and Behaviour:

The habits of this parrot are poorly known, but research undertaken since 2003 has revealed some information on the species' breeding and feeding ecology. It tends to inhabit cloud-forest betweeen 2600 and 3600m, and is known to require mistletoe berries as a food source.  Nesting takes place between January and May.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2-3

Breeding Season:

January-May.

Related Links:

Fundacion ProAves
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Article: Parrots return after nine decades
Article: Critically Endangered Colombian parrot doubles its protected habitat

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Indigo-winged Parrot
© Jorge Velasquez

Did You Know?

The Fuertes parrot was only recently re-discovered after 90 yrs (it was thought to be extinct), with a very restricted range.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

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