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Lilac-crowned Amazon

 (Amazona finschi)

Also known as: Lilac-crowned Parrot, Finsch's Parrot, Pacific Parrot, Wood's Red-fronted Parrot (A.f. woodi)

Click photo to visit gallery

Lilac-crowned Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Lilac-crowned Amazon exists in feral (non-native) populations in southern California and Florida.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona finschi

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: finschi

Size:

33 cm (12.8 in)

Weight:

325g (11.3 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: A.f. finschi, A.f. woodi

Colour Adult:

A.f. finschi: Both adults body green, with feathers edged black; maroon forehead, forecrown and lores; back of crown to sides of nape and neck blue/lilac; bases of secondary feathers 1-5 red, the remainder green; tail green. Bill horn in colour. Eye ring pale grey, eye orange.
A.f. woodi: Both adults greener and less yellowish; frontal band thinner and duller.

Colour Juvenile:

Immature as in adult but duller with dark brown eye and white eye-ring and cere.

Call:

A shrill krih-krih and other raucous calls.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Arkive
Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8426, Lilac-crowned Parrot Amazona finschi, Kincaid, Edgar, Jalisco, Mexico, Jun. 23 1957, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.

Click photo to visit gallery

Lilac-crowned Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Lilac-crowned Amazon exists in feral (non-native) populations in southern California and Florida.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona finschi

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common in US, fairly common in Europe.

Longevity:

40-60 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage with a minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Loves to chew; bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

3

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

54-60 days

Hatch Weight:

11g (0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

309-370g (10.8-13 oz)

Weaning Weight:

270-280g (9.5-9.8 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Lilac-crowned Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Lilac-crowned Amazon exists in feral (non-native) populations in southern California and Florida.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona finschi

Species Wild Status

World Population:

7000-10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Large scale habitat loss, trapping for wild bird trade.

Range:

A.f. finschi: CW and SW Mexico; feral populations reported in various areas in US.
A.f. woodi: NW Mexico.

Habitat:

Most common in wooded hills and mountains up to 1000m (3280 ft). Also found in semi-deciduous forest and margins, and pine-oak forests and mangroves.

Wild Diet:

Foods taken include unripe seeds of culebro Astronim graveolens, guayabillo Celaenodendron mexicanum; seeds and fruits of ojite Brosimum alicastrum and unripe Caesalpinia pulcherrima seeds. In the dry season Comocladia engleriana and Celaenodendron mexicanum seeds, and Ficus insipida fruits added.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Reports of altitudinal and longitudinal movements in response to food availability. Usually seen in pairs and family groups year-round, and all together in large foraging flocks. Birds return to communal roosts at night.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 rounded eggs, 37.0 x 29.0mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

January-May

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
The California Parrot Project

Click photo to visit gallery

Lilac-crowned Amazon
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Lilac-crowned Amazon exists in feral (non-native) populations in southern California and Florida.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona finschi

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