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Pileated Parrot

 (Pionopsitta pileata)

Also known as: Red-capped Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Pileated Parrot
Nick Athanas | [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

If alarmed the Pileated Parrot will "freeze" momentarily before flying off.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionopsitta pileata

Species Profile

Genus: Pionopsitta | Species: pileata

Size:

22cm (8.6 in)

Weight:

98-120g (3.4-4.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-in general green plumage; red forehead, crown, and lores to area around eyes; brown/purple ear coverts; purple/blue outer lesser underwing coverts; blue/green inner lesser underwing coverts; green tail tipped with blue. Bill green/grey, becoming horn in colour towards tip. Eye ring bare and grey. Eye dark brown. Female-green crown and lores to area around eyes; green forehead tinted with blue.

Colour Juvenile:

In male red confined to thin frontal band with orange/yellow patch behind; female as in adult.

Call:

Calls made in flight are rapid and repititious high-pitched shrieks; also a three syllable series of notes. Loud, babbling chatter from perched flock.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 133954, Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata, Andersen, Michael, Misiones, Argentina, Dec. 1 2006, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Pileated Parrot
Nick Athanas | [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

If alarmed the Pileated Parrot will "freeze" momentarily before flying off.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionopsitta pileata

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon in captivity.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

In a secluded location, aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, orange, pear, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; boiled maize; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses, and complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Likes to run along branches so provide many different sized ones; also ropes and ladders. Mild chewer, so provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, willow or pine branches and vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 20" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 51cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

24-25 days

Fledging Age:

47-54 days

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Pileated Parrot
Nick Athanas | [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

If alarmed the Pileated Parrot will "freeze" momentarily before flying off.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionopsitta pileata

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, but uncommon.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Is declining due to widespread loss of forest to urban growth, agriculture and mining.

Range:

SE Brazil, E Paraguay and NE Argentina.

Habitat:

Found up to 1500m (4920 ft) in forest, including moist tropical forest and Araucaria stands, mainly in lowlands in the south of its range but also in coastal mountains in Brazil.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits, bark, and ripening cultivated fruit.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in flocks of 10 or so, not usually more than this. Nests in tree cavity. Are inconspicuous while feeding and resting though sentinels may keep watch from exposed perches.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 rounded eggs, 26.0 x 22.5mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

Probably November-January.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Phylogeny and comparative biogeography of Pionopsitta parrots and Pteroglossus toucans

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Pileated Parrot
Nick Athanas | [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

If alarmed the Pileated Parrot will "freeze" momentarily before flying off.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionopsitta pileata

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