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Pygmy Lorikeet

 (Charmosyna wilhelminae)

Also known as: Wilhelmina's Lorikeet, Pygmy Streaked Lorikeet

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Illustration of Pygmy Lorikeets
© Biodiversity Heritage Library | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Pygmy Lorikeet is the smallest lorikeet, weighing in at only 20g (0.7 oz).

Academic Research

Related publications: Charmosyna wilhelminae

Species Profile

Genus: Charmosyna | Species: wilhelminae

Size:

13cm (5 in)

Weight:

20g (0.7 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-purple/brown crown and nape, the nape streaked with blue; hindneck has olive wash; red lower back; rump dark purple/blue; breast streaked with yellow; underwing coverts red; stripe under the wing red; tail green tipped with yellow, with red at base of side feathers. Bill orange. Eye orange/red.  Female-green lower back and underwing coverts with red underwing stripe absent.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but with little or no streaking on breast or nape; red underwing coverts and stripe under wing in males, but lower back purple. Bill brown. Eye brown.

Call:

Are described as high-pitched and not unlike those of Micropsitta pygmy parrots, but with harsh notes of other lorikeets.

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More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Photo - Birding Indonesia
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 107188, Pygmy Lorikeet Charmosyna wilhelminae, Brown, Eleanor, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea, Sep. 19 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Pygmy Lorikeets
© Biodiversity Heritage Library | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Pygmy Lorikeet is the smallest lorikeet, weighing in at only 20g (0.7 oz).

Academic Research

Related publications: Charmosyna wilhelminae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Enclosure with well-drained floor, suspended over concrete base, or indoor aviary 1.2m (4 ft) long in room with tile on walls and floor.

Diet:

Nectar, either a commercial type specially formulated for small (Charmosyna, etc) species, or a mixture of baby cereal (lactose-free), honey and malt extract or molasses, mixed with filtered water, made fresh once or twice daily; fruits such as: apple, pear, cactus fruits, etc.

Enrichment:

Provide branches (bird-safe and unsprayed) with blossoms so the birds may have the pollen and nectar; provide shallow dish for daily bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

About 23 days.

Fledging Age:

Probably about 7 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Pygmy Lorikeets
© Biodiversity Heritage Library | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Pygmy Lorikeet is the smallest lorikeet, weighing in at only 20g (0.7 oz).

Academic Research

Related publications: Charmosyna wilhelminae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown but reported as not common.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

None at present.

Range:

Found in the highlands of New Guinea.

Habitat:

Occurs in montane forest margins and adjoining savanna woodland, frequently descending into lowland forest at bases of mountains or at sea level. Found from 1000-2200m (3280-7216 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds on nectar and pollen.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in pairs and small flocks of up to 20 individuals in the canopy of flowering trees. Often seen with Goldie's and Fairy Lorikeets. Active feeders. Difficult to detect because of nearly all green plumage.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 rounded eggs, 17.0 x 13.5mm (0.7 x 0.5 in).

Breeding Season:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Illustration of Pygmy Lorikeets
© Biodiversity Heritage Library | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Pygmy Lorikeet is the smallest lorikeet, weighing in at only 20g (0.7 oz).

Academic Research

Related publications: Charmosyna wilhelminae

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