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Red-shouldered Macaw

 (Diopsittaca nobilis)

Also known as: Hahn's Macaw, Noble Macaw (D.n. cumanensis)

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-shouldered Macaw, Parque das Aves
© By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

At 165g (5.8 oz) the Red-shouldered Macaw is the smallest of all the macaws. By contrast, the Hyacinth Macaw is 1400g (49 oz) or more.

Academic Research

Related publications: Diopsittaca nobilis

Species Profile

Genus: Diopsittaca | Species: nobilis

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

130-170g (4.5-6 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: D.n. nobilis, D.n. cumanensis, D.n. longipennis

Colourization Adult:

D.n. nobilis: Both adults in general yellow/green; blue forehead and forecrown; red bend of wing, carpal edge and lesser underwing coverts. Bill dark grey. Face bare and white. Eye dark orange.
D.n. cumanensis: Both adults larger than nobilis, larger bill with horn coloured upper mandible.
D.n. longipennis: Both adults as in cumanensis, but larger in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

D.n. nobilis: Green forehead and forecrown; green bend of wing and carpal edge, replacing red; lesser underwing coverts red. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight are shrill and repetitious, emitted in short bursts; or harsh notes. Calls of an entire flock produce a vibrating tone.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 128077, Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca nobilis, Marantz, Curtis, Sergipe, Brazil, Mar. 12 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-shouldered Macaw, Parque das Aves
© By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

At 165g (5.8 oz) the Red-shouldered Macaw is the smallest of all the macaws. By contrast, the Hyacinth Macaw is 1400g (49 oz) or more.

Academic Research

Related publications: Diopsittaca nobilis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common

Longevity:

25-40yrs

Housing:

Birds kept in smaller cages should have access to large enclosure for part of the year, at least 15m (49 ft) long. Keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; walnuts (must be cracked), peanuts, pecans, Brazil nuts (cracked), pine nuts; fresh corn, boiled maize; fruits such as: banana, oranges, apples, palm fruits if available; slices of wholemeal bread; cubed cheese; complete kibble for macaws.

Enrichment:

Play gyms, roomy enclosure, lots of perches; also swings, ladders and foraging/puzzle toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 45.7cm).

Clutch Size:

2-5

Incubation Time:

24 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-shouldered Macaw, Parque das Aves
© By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

At 165g (5.8 oz) the Red-shouldered Macaw is the smallest of all the macaws. By contrast, the Hyacinth Macaw is 1400g (49 oz) or more.

Academic Research

Related publications: Diopsittaca nobilis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Has been some international trade in wild birds.

Range:

D.n. nobilis: North of Amazon River in E Venezuela, in Delta Amacuro to N Monagas and north to SE Bolivar, Guianas, and NE Brazil in Roraima, N Para and Amapa.
D.n. cumanensis: NE Brazil, south of Amazon River, from Alagoas and Bahia west to Maranhao and SE Para, and south to C Goias.
D.n. longipennis: Interior of Brazil from C Goias and W Minas Gerais to NW Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso, through SE Peru to E and C Bolivia; introduced to Sao Paulo city.

Habitat:

Found up to 1400m (4592 ft) in a variety of open wooded habitats, including savannas with scattered bushes and palm groves, sand belt forests, forest fringed savannas and coastal plantations, cerrado with Mauritia palm groves and fringes of the caatinga with Mauritia palms.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on nuts, seeds, fruits, berries and flowers; sometimes takes cereal crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social; found in large flocks outside breeding season. Sometimes associates with the Red-bellied Macaw. Nests in arboreal termitaria (termite nests in trees), tree cavities or holes in living palm.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2-5 rounded eggs, 33.0 x 27.0mm (1.3 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

February-June

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-shouldered Macaw, Parque das Aves
© By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

At 165g (5.8 oz) the Red-shouldered Macaw is the smallest of all the macaws. By contrast, the Hyacinth Macaw is 1400g (49 oz) or more.

Academic Research

Related publications: Diopsittaca nobilis

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