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St. Vincent Amazon

 (Amazona guildingii)

Also known as: Guilding's Amazon (Parrot)

Click photo to visit gallery

St. Vincent Amazon Parrot (brown morph)
© Sam Williams

Did You Know?

The St. Vincent Amazon has two morphs (colourations) - green and orange/brown.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guildingii

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: guildingii

Size:

41cm (16 in)

Weight:

660-700g (23-24.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

One race, 2 morphs-golden brown, green

Colour Adult:

Golden/brown morph-both adults plumage mainly golden/brown, the feathers edged with soft black; buff/white forehead, forecrown and lores to area around eyes, joining orange on hindcrown and forecheeks and throat; purple/blue ear coverts and hindcheeks; nape and hindneck olive/green tinted with blue and edged with black; upper tertiary feathers dark green tinted with brown, lower tertiary feathers dark green tinted with purple/blue, occasionally tipped with yellow; orange carpal edge; outer secondary feathers purple/blue with orange at bases, banded in middle with green; yellow greater underwing coverts and underwings; tail orange at base with broad middle band of dark purple/blue and tipped with orange/yellow. Bill horn in colour tinted with olive/green. Eye ring gray, eye orange.
Green morph-both adults dark green upperparts and lower underparts; green underwing coverts and underwings (flight feathers); tail green at base with broad middle band of purple/blue and tipped with yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

Variable but duller than adult, especially on head. Bill horn coloured with grey at base of upper mandible. Eye brown.

Call:

Varied calls including yapping cries, loud trumpeting, honking (as in domestic goose), shrieking, squawks, and bubbling sounds.  Some calls complex; trills, whistles and shrieks.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
National Geographic Photo Ark
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
The Animal Facts
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 122643, St. Vincent Parrot Amazona guildingii, Macaulay, Linda, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Jan. 14 2003, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

St. Vincent Amazon Parrot (brown morph)
© Sam Williams

Did You Know?

The St. Vincent Amazon has two morphs (colourations) - green and orange/brown.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guildingii

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare in captivity.

Longevity:

50-60 yrs

Housing:

Walk- in or suspended aviary minimum 4.5m (14.7 ft) long.

Diet:

70% of diet fruit and vegetables; sunflower and fattening seeds to a bare minimum; fruit such as: apple, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranates; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, fresh corn, cooked/sprouted beans and pulses; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2, sometimes 3

Incubation Time:

25-26 days

Fledging Age:

9-10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

16.7g (0.6 oz) hatchling at Houston Zoo (2008)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

510g (Houston Zoo, 2008)

Click photo to visit gallery

St. Vincent Amazon Parrot (brown morph)
© Sam Williams

Did You Know?

The St. Vincent Amazon has two morphs (colourations) - green and orange/brown.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guildingii

Species Wild Status

World Population:

730

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Hunting for food, trapping for live bird trade and loss of habitat due to forestry and banana cultivation. Also introduced nine-banded armadillo undermines tall trees, reducing nest cavities.

Range:

Restricted to the island of St. Vincent in the Lesser Antilles, West Indes.

Habitat:

Inhabits mature moist forest from 125 to 1000m (410-3280 ft); occasionally visits cultivated areas and gardens.

Wild Diet:

The flowers, nuts, fruits and seeds of many plants such as Ficus, Clusia and Cecropia among many others.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious and usually in flocks of 20 to 30 birds; otherwise in pairs; birds will defend area around nest while breeding but will allow flocks of a dozen birds to be in the same area while feeding and roosting.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2, sometimes 3 eggs, 46.5 x 39.0 mm (1.8 x 1.5 in).

Breeding Season:

February, eggs laid April or May.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

St. Vincent Amazon Parrot (brown morph)
© Sam Williams

Did You Know?

The St. Vincent Amazon has two morphs (colourations) - green and orange/brown.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guildingii

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