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White-cheeked Amazon

 (Amazona kawalli)

Also known as: White-faced Amazon, Kawall's Amazon, White-chinned Amazon

Click photo to visit gallery

White-cheeked Amazon, Mato Grosso, Brazil
© Jacek Kisielewski [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Amazona kawalli was only recently re-discovered in the wild in 1996, after first being noted over a hundred years ago.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona kawalli

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: kawalli

Size:

38cm (14.8 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults in general green; black dusting feathers of crown to upper mantle and sides of neck; secondary feathers 1-3 red at bases, the remainder green; yellow/green carpal edge; tail green with broad yellow/green tip, the side tail feathers red at bases bordered with purple/blue, the outermost feathers margined with blue. Bill horn in colouration with dark grey culmen and tip to upper mandible. Buff/white bare skin at base of bill. Eye ring grey. Eye orange/red.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults.

Call:

Call in flight wheeou, wheeou.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Wikipedia
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 89062, Kawall's Parrot Amazona kawalli, Marantz, Curtis, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Dec. 17 1997, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

White-cheeked Amazon, Mato Grosso, Brazil
© Jacek Kisielewski [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Amazona kawalli was only recently re-discovered in the wild in 1996, after first being noted over a hundred years ago.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona kawalli

Species Care

Captive Status:

Almost unknown in captivity.

Longevity:

At least 10yrs.

Housing:

Walk-in flight 3 x 1.5 x 2m (9.8 x 5 x 6.5 ft), outside minimum temperature 15 C (59F); metal construction necessary.

Diet:

Seed mix of safflower, oats, buckwheat and some sunflower, fruits and vegetables, green leaves, sprouted beans/peas, rosehips, supplements, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Bird safe wood chew objects (toys, branches), vegetable tanned leather toys; bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

Not available

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

White-cheeked Amazon, Mato Grosso, Brazil
© Jacek Kisielewski [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Amazona kawalli was only recently re-discovered in the wild in 1996, after first being noted over a hundred years ago.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona kawalli

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Loss of habitat from land cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, facilitated by expansion of the road network. Proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land a private landowner is legally required to maintain as forest, further reducing habitat.

Range:

Amazon basin in Brazil, north-west.

Habitat:

Found in tropical rainforest; prefers water's edge and permanently flooded forest.

Wild Diet:

Seed, palm fruits.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Nests in cavities of trees in flooded areas.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not available

Breeding Season:

Not available

Related Links:

Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Nest poaching in neotropical parrots
Research: A molecular phylogeny of Amazona: implications for Neotropical parrot biogeography, taxonomy and conservation

Click photo to visit gallery

White-cheeked Amazon, Mato Grosso, Brazil
© Jacek Kisielewski [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Amazona kawalli was only recently re-discovered in the wild in 1996, after first being noted over a hundred years ago.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona kawalli

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