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Yellow-billed Amazon

 (Amazona collaria)

Also known as: Yellow-billed Parrot, Red-throated Amazon, Jamaican Amazon

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-billed Amazon, Jamaica
© Wayne Sutherland via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Yellow-billed Amazon is the only Amazon parrot with a yellow bill - most other Amazons have either black or buff coloured beaks.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona collaria

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: collaria

Size:

28cm (11 in)

Weight:

260g (9.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults in general green, with yellowish underparts; black edging on feathers of crown to mantle and sides of head; white forehead and line around eyes; dull blue forecrown; pale blue lores and upper cheeks; blue/grey ear coverts tinted with green; rose/red throat, forecheeks and sides of neck; green tail with red at base. Bill yellow. Eye ring white, eye brown.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with grey markings on upper mandible.

Call:

Calls made in flight bugling notes, lower in pitch than those of Black-billed Amazon and last syllable prolonged. Also high-pitched notes while perched.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Arkive
Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 35357, Yellow-billed Parrot Amazona collaria, Parker, Theodore A., III, Jamaica, Mar. 1985, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-billed Amazon, Jamaica
© Wayne Sutherland via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Yellow-billed Amazon is the only Amazon parrot with a yellow bill - most other Amazons have either black or buff coloured beaks.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona collaria

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Probably 50+ yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, kiwi, papaya, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, kale, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and a little hemp; limited soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, pine, willow or elder branches, different sized perches, wooden or vegetable tanned leather toys, ladders, swings, ropes and puzzle/foraging toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 24" (24.5cm x 24.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

3

Incubation Time:

26-28 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Probably 9-10g (0.3-0.35 oz).

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-billed Amazon, Jamaica
© Wayne Sutherland via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Yellow-billed Amazon is the only Amazon parrot with a yellow bill - most other Amazons have either black or buff coloured beaks.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona collaria

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000-20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

The threats to this species include bauxite mining, forest clearance and shifting cultivation, trapping for the pet trade and local consumption.

Range:

Jamaica, W Indies.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft) in wet limestone forest with Terminalia and Cedrela sp. foliage, more arid upland forest and cultivated areas with trees at forest edge.

Wild Diet:

Forages for Cecropia catkins, nuts, fruits, figs and seeds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in large communal roosts outside breeding season. Birds range widely during the day, returning to roost late in day. May associate with the Black-billed Amazon (Amazona agilis) and Olive-throated Conure (Aratinga nana). Groups employ sentinels on high, exposed perches to warn flock of danger.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 rounded eggs, 36.0 x 29.0mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

March-May

Related Links:

Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Yellow-billed Amazon, Jamaica
© Wayne Sutherland via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Yellow-billed Amazon is the only Amazon parrot with a yellow bill - most other Amazons have either black or buff coloured beaks.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona collaria

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