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Blossom-headed Parakeet

 (Psittacula roseata)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Female Blossom-headed Parakeet
© Len Worthington | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

This species is notable for the fact that it has been kept in captivity for centuries, having been heavily trapped and imported into Europe by the thousands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula roseata

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: roseata

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

85-90g (2.9-3.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.r. roseata, P.r. juneae

Colour Adult:

P.r. roseata: Male-forecrown, cheeks and ear coverts rosy pink; crown and nape pale blue/purple; chin black; broad band across lower cheeks black, extending as fine stripe around hindneck; brown/red spot on inner middle wing coverts; long central tail feathers blue tipped with pale yellow, the side tail feathers yellow/green tipped with pale yellow; upper mandible orange/yellow, lower bill dark grey. Eye pale yellow. Female-head dull blue/grey, collar dull yellow/green; red shoulder spot smaller; upper mandible yellow, lower bill dark grey.
P.r. juneae: Both adults as in roseata, but general body colour more yellow; more extensive red shoulder spot or patch; central tail feathers paler in colour, the side tail feathers more yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

Head coloured green; no shoulder patch seen; tail short. Bill pale yellow. Eye grey.

Call:

Calls described as soft, musical, much like Plum-headed Parakeet.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
Internet Bird Collection
BirdLife International
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
xeno-canto Blossom-headed Parakeet, Lambert, Frank, XC208894
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Blossom-headed Parakeet
© Len Worthington | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

This species is notable for the fact that it has been kept in captivity for centuries, having been heavily trapped and imported into Europe by the thousands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula roseata

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common

Longevity:

15-20 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviary, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft) or if in warm climate outside flight, 3 x 1 x 2m (9.8 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft) with shelter and roosting box.

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet, safflower and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, kale, lettuce, dandelion, chickweed; seeding grasses; rearing food made up of: hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot; fruits such as: apple, orange, pear, cactus fruits, banana, pomegranate; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, peas and green beans, corn; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide chew branches (bird-safe wood only), vegetable tanned leather chew toys, area for bathing, socialization (to overcome shyness), room to fly in large aviary.

Nest Box Size:

9" x 9" x 24" (22.8cm x 22.8cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

23-24 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Around 90-95g (3.1-3.3 oz)

Weaning Weight:

85g (3 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Blossom-headed Parakeet
© Len Worthington | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

This species is notable for the fact that it has been kept in captivity for centuries, having been heavily trapped and imported into Europe by the thousands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula roseata

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Has been heavily trapped for wild bird trade and is now uncommon in some of its range (Thailand and Burma). Also affected by deforestation and possibly persecution.

Range:

P.r. roseata: Bhutan, NE India from Sikkim and Assam south to West Bengal and Tripura, Bangladesh and N Burma; formerly E Nepal.
P.r. juneae: Tripura region and S Assam, NE India, and N Burma east through Thailand, north of Prachaup, to C and S Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and SE China in southern Guangxi and western Guandong.

Habitat:

Found in light forest, savanna, forest with secondary growth, forest edge, clearings and cultivated land. Up to 1000m (3280 ft).

Wild Diet:

Reported food items are: flowers and wild pomegranate, nectar, grain including sorghum and maize, fruits including figs and apricots, red peppers and thistle seeds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in small groups, forming larger parties where food abundant. Joins mixed flocks with Ring-necked, Plum-headed and Red-breasted Parakeets. Roosts communally in dense trees and shrubs.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 almost spherical eggs, 25.0 x 21.0mm (0.9 x 0.8 in)

Breeding Season:

January-April, May

Related Links:

Wikipedia

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Blossom-headed Parakeet
© Len Worthington | Flickr [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

This species is notable for the fact that it has been kept in captivity for centuries, having been heavily trapped and imported into Europe by the thousands.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula roseata

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