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Blue-rumped Parrot

 (Psittinus cyanurus)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-rumped Parrot
© Dr. Chan Kai Soon

Did You Know?

The Blue-rumped Parrot is the only member of its genus, Psittinus.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittinus cyanurus

Species Profile

Genus: Psittinus | Species: cyanurus

Size:

18cm (7 in)

Weight:

85g (3.0 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: P.c. cyanurus, P.c. pontius, P.c. abbotti

Colour Adult:

P.c. cyanurus: Male-blue head; pale brown underparts; black mantle and upper back; blue lower back to upper tail coverts; red bend of wing, flanks and underwing coverts. Upper mandible red, lower mandible brown. Eye yellow. Female-brown head; green upperparts, with lower back blue; green underparts. Bill brown. Eye white.
P.c. pontius: Both adults larger than cyanurus.
P.c. abbotti: Male-green upperparts; green/yellow underparts. Larger in size. Female-head all green; larger in size.

Colour Juvenile:

P.c. cyanurus: As in adult female, but with green head.
P.c. pontius: As in adults.

Call:

Calls are distinctive; in flight a sharp, whistling, two-or-three-note series of sounds. Also emits high-pitched peeps and song-like trilling. Calls generally carry long distances.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 164185, Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus, Lammertink, Martjan, Aceh, Indonesia, Nov. 28 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-rumped Parrot
© Dr. Chan Kai Soon

Did You Know?

The Blue-rumped Parrot is the only member of its genus, Psittinus.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittinus cyanurus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft) or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, oats, safflower, and a little hemp; spray millet; limited sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; sprouted beans and pulses such as mung beans, cooked butterbeans and lentils; boiled maize; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate; nuts such as: lightly cracked hazelnuts, pecans, pinenuts and roasted peanuts; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Hard chewer, so provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches of fir, willow, pine and flowering trees; wooden block toys, heat sterilized pine cones and vegetable tanned leather toys. Also enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 6" x 6" x 16" (15.2cm x 15.2cm x 40.6cm)

Clutch Size:

3-5

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

6 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-rumped Parrot
© Dr. Chan Kai Soon

Did You Know?

The Blue-rumped Parrot is the only member of its genus, Psittinus.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittinus cyanurus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Extensive forest destruction in the Sundaic lowlands has affected this species. All primary forest in the area is expected to be gone by 2010.

Range:

P.c. cyanurus: Tenasserim, southern Burma, and SW Thailand, south through Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Bangka Island and Borneo.
P.c. pontius: Siberut, Sipora, and North and South Pagai, in Mentawai Islands, Indonesia.
P.c. abbotti: Simeulue and Siumat Islands, off west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

Habitat:

Found up to 700m (2296 ft) in lowland forests including open woodland, secondary growth, orchards, mangroves, dry forest, swamp forest, cultivated areas including oil palm plantations, dense scrub and coconut groves.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, fruits and blossoms.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Not shy, gregarious birds found in groups of up to 20 individuals. Birds forage quietly in the canopy or fly swiftly above the forest, wheeling around the tree tops calling frequently.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-5 rounded eggs, 24.5 x 20.0mm (0.95 x 0.8 in)

Breeding Season:

February-May, Malaysia; June-September, Borneo.

Related Links:

Wikipedia

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-rumped Parrot
© Dr. Chan Kai Soon

Did You Know?

The Blue-rumped Parrot is the only member of its genus, Psittinus.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittinus cyanurus

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