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Bourke’s Parrot

 (Neopsephotus bourkii)

Also known as: Bourke's Grass-Parakeet, Pink-bellied Parakeet, Blue-vented Parakeet, Sundown Parrot, Night Parrot

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Wild Bourke's Parrots
© Christopher Watson | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

This species derives its name from Sir Richard Bourke, Governor of New South Wales from 1831 to 1837.

Academic Research

Related publications: Neopsephotus bourkii

Species Profile

Genus: Neopsephotus | Species: bourkii

Size:

19cm (7.5 in)

Weight:

40-50g

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-upperparts olive/brown; blue forehead; line above eyes blue; face gray/white; grey/pink throat and lower cheeks, upper cheeks olive/brown; grey/brown breast with grey/pink wide edging; rose/pink abdomen; blue tail coverts and rump; dark brown upper wing coverts and outer secondary feathers, margined with yellow/white; underwing band minimal or absent; black/brown tail with wide tip. Bill grey. Eye dark brown.  Female-in general duller than male with paler pink underparts and paler blue sides of rump; blue on forehead and above eyes absent or minimal; has pale underwing band.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult female but duller with pale underwing band which is less pronounced in male juvenile.

Call:

Calls made in flight are mellow notes or plaintive warblings. Calls are softer and higher pitched than that of the Budgerigar, whose calls are similar.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Parrot Society of Australia

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8518, Bourke's Parrot Neophema bourkii, Priori, Andrea, New York, US, Feb. 23 1972, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 issue
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Bourke's Parrots
© Christopher Watson | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

This species derives its name from Sir Richard Bourke, Governor of New South Wales from 1831 to 1837.

Academic Research

Related publications: Neopsephotus bourkii

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

12 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 2.1m (6.9 ft) or indoor suspended aviary minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and hemp; limited sunflower seed; millet spray; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; seeding grasses; rearing foods made from hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot, all ground up and mixed to crumbly consistency; fruit such as: apple, pear, banana, grapes, pomegranate, cactus fruits; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide safe seeding grasses if possible, branches for climbing, areas for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

10" x 10" x 16" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 40.6cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

18-19 days

Fledging Age:

30 days

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Specialist Club:

Avicultural Society of Australia

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Bourke's Parrots
© Christopher Watson | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

This species derives its name from Sir Richard Bourke, Governor of New South Wales from 1831 to 1837.

Academic Research

Related publications: Neopsephotus bourkii

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, increasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Range:

Found in the interior of central and southern Australia in two restricted populations.

Habitat:

Occur in drier inland areas preferring open mulga Acacia aneura and Eucalyptus woodland. Also seen in riverine woodland and Callitris scrub.

Wild Diet:

Eats grass seeds and shoots of young plants.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Is nomadic; will arrive in an area and remain there for a few years before disappearing completely. Up to a thousand birds may be seen during at watering holes during dry spells. Are rapid fliers, travelling low through scrub to visit watering areas. Are quiet and shy while resting in pairs or flocks in vegetation.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 rounded eggs, 20.0 x 16.5mm (0.8 x 0.6 in)

Breeding Season:

August-December

Related Links:

Research: The intensity threshold of colour vision in two species of parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Bourke's Parrots
© Christopher Watson | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

This species derives its name from Sir Richard Bourke, Governor of New South Wales from 1831 to 1837.

Academic Research

Related publications: Neopsephotus bourkii

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